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红色鲨鱼-前苏联潜艇舰队全集-大吐大图[★New★]

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CDer:000002589
 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:41 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:42 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:42 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:42 | 显示全部楼层
Project 651 / Juliett
Project 651 (NATO designation - Juliett) was ordered by the Soviet Navy in the late 1950s to provide a nuclear strike capability against the US homeland, particularly East Coast cities. The Juliett had four nuclear armed cruise missiles on board, and ten torpedo tubes with up to 22 torpedoes. The time required for the first missile launch was about 4.5 minutes, with the second after 10 seconds. The missiles were launched from the surface, while the submarine was moving at a speed of up to 4 knots. Initially armed with the P-5 [SS-N-3c Shaddock] inertially-guided missile, it was subsequently equipped with more accurate cruise missiles [the P-6 SS-N-3a Shaddock, and the later P-500 4K-80 Bazalt SS-N-12 SANDBOX] which were deployed on these submarines for targeting American aircraft carriers.

The Juliett is about 4 times larger than WWII submarines. The Project 651 is of double-hull construction with an exceptionally large reserve buoyancy. The hull itself contained eight compartments: I. forward torpedo room, II. living accommodations and forward batteries, III. Missile control room and batteries, IV. submarine control room, V. living accommodations and two banks of batteries, VI. Diesels and generators, VII. electric motors and VIII. after torpedo room. The submarine's hull is covered by two inch thick black tiles made of specially profiled sonar/ sound absorbing hard rubber. The silver zinc batteries allow travel submerged with a maximum speed of 17,5 kn. for 1.5 hours, with a maximum underwater range of 810 miles. Another advancement was a low magnetic signature austenitic steel hull. A special 10m2 target guidance radar was built into the forward edge of the sail structure, which opens by rotating. The boats were eventually fitted with the Kasatka satellite downlink for targeting information.

It was originally planned to build 35 of these submarines to augment nuclear-powered Project 675 (ECHO II) class submarines which with 8 missile launchers were an enlarged nuclear version of the Juliett. In fact only 16 submarines were actually built from 1962 to 1968, most of them by Krasnoye Sormovo shipyard in Gorky. The Juliett's were in active service through the 80's with the last one decommissioned in 1994.

Specifications
Displacement (tons): 3,174 Tons Surfaced
3,636 Tons with additional fuel
4,137 Tons Submerged  
Speed (kts):  19 knots Surfaced
14 knots Dived  
Operating Depth  775 ft maximum Safe Depth
1,200 ft crush depth  
Dimensions (m):  297 ft (90 M) long
32.8 ft (10 M) beam
23 ft (7 M) draft  
Propulsion  2 Main Diesel (3500 hp each)
2 Electric Motors (3000 hp each)
300 Tons Silver Zinc Batteries
2 Shafts/Propellers
2 Electric "Silent Run" (150 hp)
1 Diesel Generator (3000 hp)  
Endurance:  90 days
9000 miles at 8kn Surfaced
18,000 miles at 7kn max. with additional fuel
810 miles submerged at 2,74 kn.  
Crew  12 Officers, 16 NCO, 54 Crew  
Armament:  4 P-5 (P-6 or P-500) Guided Cruise Missiles
6 Bow torpedo tubes - 21" (533 MM)
4 Stern torpedo tubes - 16" (400 MM)

Electronics  Radar


Sonar









Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Fleet Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 K-156   KS   11/16/1960  07/31/1962  12/10/1963  1991-95  1987 redesignated to B-156  
2 K-85   KS   ----------  ----------  12/30/1964  1991-95   
3 K-70   KS   ----------  ----------  12/31/1964  1991-95  redesignated to B-270  
4 K-24   KS   10/15/1961  03/11/1965  10/31/1965  1994?  redesignated to B-124 1994 sold to Finland as floating restaurant
5 K-77   KS   ----------  ----------  10/31/1965  1991-95   
6 K-81   KS   11/20/1963  08/07/1964  12/14/1965  1994 1994 sold to Finland as floating restaurant
7 K-68   KS   ----------  ----------  12/28/1965  1991-95   
8 K-63   KS   ----------  ----------  06/12/1966  1991-95   
9 K-58   KS   ----------  ----------  09/23/1966  1991-95   
10 K-73   KS   ----------  ----------  12/15/1966  1991-95   
11 K-67   KS   ----------  ----------  09/30/1967  1991-95   
12 K-78   KS   ----------  ----------  11/01/1967  1991-95  redesignated to B-478  
13 K-203   KS   ----------  ----------  12/02/1967  1991-95   
14 K-304   KS   ----------  ----------  08/21/1968  1991-95   
15 K-318   KS   ----------  ----------  09/29/1968  1991-95   
16 K-120   KS   ----------  ----------  12/26/1968  1991-95
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:44 | 显示全部楼层
Project 885 Yasen / Graney
Severodvinsk class

This new attack submarine design is a further derivative of the Project 971 Akula. It features a significant cruise missile capability with eight vertical launch tubes for RKB-500 aft of the sail. The hull is made of low magnetic steel, with a spherical bow sonar. According to Western intelligence estimates the Severodvinsk was assessed as probably being only slightly quieter than the improved Akula.

Work on the Severodvinsk, the only submarine of this class, started in 1992 and ceased in 1996 due to finanacial problems. According to some reports the boat was actually launched before work halted, with other reports suggest that as of 1999 the submarine was less than 10 percent complete. Work remained suspended as of 1999. The Severodvinsk had been scheduled to be commissioned before 1998. Up to seven units were reportedly planned, but it is questionable whether any will ever enter service.


Specifications
Designer  J.N. Kormilitsin, SKB-18  
Designer  J.N. Kormilitsin, SKB-18  
Displacement (tons):  5,800-7,700 surface
8,200-13,000 submerged  
Speed (kts):  20 knots surfaced
31-35 knots submerged  
Operating Depth  1,475 feet Maximum Safe Depth
1,804 feet Never-Exceed Depth
2,160 feet Crush depth  
Dimensions (m):  111 meters long
12 meters beam
8.4 meters draft  
Propulsion:  One KPM type (OK-650B?) reactor
200 MWt pressurised water reactor
turbines of 43,000 shp  
Crew:  50 [24 officers / 26 enlisted]
Armament:  
Missiles:  8 VLS tubes for cruise missiles
RKP-55/SS-N-21 Granat/Sampson cruise missile

Torpedoes:  8 25.6 inch torpedo tubes
(24 torpedoes, mines or missiles)
RPK-7/SS-N-16 Veter/Stallion ASROC
VA-111 Schval rocket torpedo
SAET-60M,Type 65-76,Type 65K torpedoes

Sonar:  Irtysh-Amfora suite
MGK-500 Shark Gill LF active/passive
Mouse Roar passive array
Skat 3 towed array

Electronics:  Rim Hat ESM/ECM
Snoop Pair Surface Search Radar
Myedvyeditsa-971 Radar
Molniya-M Communications


Class Listing
Unit Shipyard Fleet Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 -----  Severodvinsk  SY 402  12/28/1993  ? 1995   1996 construction suspended  
2 -----  ----------  SY 402  10/**/1996     for export ?  
3 -----  ----------  SY 402  01/**/1998     planned  
4 -----  ----------  SY 402      planned  
6 -----  ----------  SY 402      planned  
6 -----  ----------  SY 402      planned  
7 -----  ----------  SY 402      planned
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:45 | 显示全部楼层
这就是。。。。。。。。。大名鼎鼎的---
---Akula(”鲨鱼“级)攻击核潜艇----掌声欢迎。。。。。。

“鲨鱼“级全长110米(有困难,找民警,请打110) 
水下排水量9100顿
水下航速32节
650MM&533MM鱼雷发射管各4门,可发射鱼雷,反潜导弹&SS-N-21潜射巡航导弹(”达瓦里希“版”战斧“)。






[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 23:07:22编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:46 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:47 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:47 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:47 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:48 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:49 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:49 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:50 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:51 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
CDer:000002589
 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:51 | 显示全部楼层


更正:本图是V-III级攻击核潜艇
[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 19:22:38编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:52 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:53 | 显示全部楼层
待会儿在上吧。休息,休息一下。
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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发表于 2003-03-03 03:28 | 显示全部楼层
以下是引用qzshd001在2003-3-2 18:52:15的发言:


这是V级,不是阿库拉看它艇体的那条折线,阿库拉基本型,971型,971M型都没有这条折线的,都是典型的短而粗的水滴形![em02]现代舰船曾登过这张图片也错说成是阿库拉了![em02]
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 03:29 | 显示全部楼层
我回来了。
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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发表于 2003-03-03 03:29 | 显示全部楼层
以下是引用qzshd001在2003-3-2 18:51:32的发言:


图片指错了不好意思是这条,这是V级![em02]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 03:30 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 03:30 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 03:31 | 显示全部楼层
Project 971 Shuka-B
Akula class
Attack Submarine (Nuclear Powered)
The Project 971 Shuka-B attack submarine multi-purpose submarine is capable of strikes against groups of hostile ships and against coastal installations. Designated the "Akula" class by the West, the submarine is officially designated Project 971 Shuka B (shuka is an aggressive breed of fresh water pike). Some 110 meters long, the Akula is double-hulled with considerable distance between the outer and inner hulls to reduce the possible damage to the inner hull. The hull is constructed of low magnetic steel, and divided into eight compartments, and features a distinctive high aft fin. The Project 971, using a steel hull, was initiated in 1976 when it became evident that existing industrial infrastructure was inadequate to mass produce the expensive titanium hulls of the Project 945 Sierra class. The performance of the Project 971 boats was a close approximation to that of the Project 945 design, though the later was significantly more expensive to build and maintain. It has 650 mm and 533 mm torpedo tubes which can use mines as well as Granat cruise missiles, antisubmarine missiles, and torpedoes.
The submarines feature double hull construction, dramatically increasing the reserve buoyancy of the submarine by as much as three times over that of a single hull craft. Ballast tanks and other gear are located between the inner and outer hulls, and limber holes are provided for the free-flooding sections between the hulls. Akula class submarines incorporate limber hole covers that can be closed to reduce or eliminate this source of unwanted noise.

Built to engage surface task forces and coastal facilities, the Akula submarine design was under constant upgrade. NATO designated the Project 971 boats as Akula I, and the Project 971U as "Improved Akula I" while Project 971A was designated Akula II. According to some reports the 'Akula-II' class has a 3.7 meter longer hull to accomdate a quieter propulsion system. There is some non-trivial disagreement between authoritative sources as to launch and commission dates for all units, as well as which units are 'Improved Akula' vs. 'Akuka-II'.

The Akula is the quietest Russian nuclear submarine ever designed, and the low noise levels came as a surprise to Western intelligence. Russia claims the Akula is the quietest of its domestically built submarines and is fitted with acoustic countermeasure equipment. Noise reduction efforts include rafting the propulsion plant, anechoic tiles on the outside and inside of the hulls and possibly other measures such as active noise cancellation. Nonetheless, the American Improved Los Angeles class retained a decisive edge in silencing compared to the Akuka I. The Project 971A Akula II incorporated an improved double layer silencing system for the power train. According to Russian sources, this variant had noise emissions that were roughly the level of a basic Los Angeles and that of the Improved Los Angeles at slow speeds. At medium or high speeds the Improved Los Angeles design retains an acoustic advantage according to Russian sources. The Project 971 uses advanced sound insulation techniques that may not withstand Russian service conditions, and it may actually be noiser than earlier designs using more basic quieting technologies if poorly built or improperly maintained. The Project 971 is said by Russian sources to be at a distinct disadvantage in sensors, with a sonar suite that is roughly one-third as sensitive as the Los Angeles, able to track only two targets simultaneously (as opposed to the multiple target tracking capabilities of the American system).

The Akula can launch a range of anti-submarine and anti-surface vessel torpedoes. The submarine has eight torpedo launch tubes, four 650 millimetre and four 533 millimetre tubes. The Improved Akula and Akula II have ten, with six 533 mm tubes. The four 650 mm tubes can be fitted with liners to provide additional 533 mm weapon launch capacity. The torpedo tubes can be used to launch mines instead of torpedoes. The Akula Class carry up to twelve Granat submarine launched cruise missiles. The missiles are fired from four 533 mm torpedo launch tubes. The submarine's anti-ship missiles are the Novator SS-N-15 Starfish and the Novator SS-N-16 Stallion and an air defence capability is provided by the Strela SA-N-5/8 portable missile launcher with 18 missiles.

The main propulsion machinery consists of a VM-5 pressure water reactor with a model OK-650 b high-density reactor core rated at 190 MW with a GT3A turbine developing 35 MW. Some sources credit Akula with two reactors, but it appears that the Akula has only one reactor, as opposed to older Russian subs, which had two. Two auxiliary diesels rated at 750 hp provide emergency power. The propulsion system drives a seven bladed fixed pitch propeller. The propulsion system provides a maximum submerged speed of 33 knots and a surface speed of 10 knots. A reserve propeller system, powered by two motors rated at 370 kw, provides a speed of 3 to 4 knots. The submarine is rated for a diving depth to 600 meters. The submarine carries sufficient supplies for an endurance of 100 days and is operated by a complement of 73 crew.

The submarines were built by the Amur Shipbuilding Plant Joint Stock Company at Komsomolsk-on-Amur and at the Severodvinsk shipbuilding yard. Output of Akula submarines remained steady at one-to-two a year until 1995. Eight Akula class submarines were built in Komsomolsk until activities there ceased in 1993. All sources are in agreement that a total of seven Akula I submarines were built [though there is some dispute as to whether K-461 Volk or K-480 Bars is an Akula I or an Improved Akula I]. These boats were all commissioned between 1985-86 and 1992. The prototype K-284 was decommissioned in 1995 to avoid the expense of a reactor refueling, and is generally not expected to return to service. According to some sources, at least one and perhaps as many as three Akula-Is were placed in reserve status in the late 1990s.

At least two and perhaps as many as four Improved Akulas entered service between 1992 and 1995. An additional Improved Akula I [K.267 Drakon] was launched in 1994 and delivered to the Russian Navy in 1995, though subsequently repossessed by the shipyard due to lack of payment. The boat reportedly remained in the possession of the Komsomolosk yard, which was said to be trying to sell her. According to some sources at least one [and probably two] additional Akula-Is remained undelivered [and almost certainly largely unfinished] at Komsomol'sk-na-Amur.

The status of the Akula II program is less certain, with at least one authoritative source maintaining that this class has yet to put to sea. The Vepr [which is probably an Akula II] was launched in December 1994 and according to some sources was commissioned in 1995. The Gepard was laid down in 1991, with the sub scheduled to enter active service in 1996. In fact, Gepard is still in the yard, and has been renamed Belgograd. The sub's crew was scheduled to arrive on board in early 1998 while the boat was still under construction. At least two and perhaps as many as four more Akula II units are being built. As of early-1999 there were at least two unfinished Project 971A Akula-IIs in the building halls at Severodvinsk [probably the ex-Gepard Belgograd and the Kuguar]. No completion date is projected, but they appeared unlikely to be completed before 2001.

The active submarines of this class are in restricted service to conserve their remaining reactor core lives. There are at least eight Akula submarines currently operational, and by some estimates the number of Akulas in active service may be as great as eleven. At least three more units [and possibly as many as five] remain under construction, and their completion could bring the total inventory to as many as fifteen boats by the end of the decade.


Specifications
Classification:  Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya (PLA)
Nuclear Powered Submarine  
Designer:  G.N. Chernyshev at Malakhit  
Builders:  Zavod imeni Leninskiy Komsomol, Komsolol'sk-na-Amur
Sevmashpredpriyatiye, Severodvinshk

Displacement (tons):  5,700-7,500 tons Surfaced
7,900-9,100 tons Submerged
7,900-9,500 tons Submerged - Akula II

Speed (kts):  20 knots surfaced
28-35 knots submerged
Operating Depth  1,475 feet Maximum Safe Depth
1,804 feet Never-Exceed Depth
1,970-2,160 feet Crush depth  
Dimensions (m):  108.0 meters long
111.7 meters long
13.5 meters beam
9.6 meters draft  
Propulsion:  1 190 MW OK-650B pressurized water nuclear reactor
1 OK-7 steam turbine 43,000 shp
2 OK-2 Turbogenerators rated at 2,000kw
1 7 bladed propeller  
Endurance  4,500 full power hours
80 days stores edurance  
Crew:  51-62 [25 officers / 26 enlisted]
Armament:  
Missiles:  21 /81R (SS-N-15) or Vodopad (SS-N-16)

Torpedoes:  total of 40 weapons
4 21-in (533-mm) torpedo tubes
4 26-in (650-mm) torpedo tubes (bow)
6 external tubes [Improved Akula and Akula II]

Systems:  Chiblis Surface Search Radar
Medvyedista-945 Navigation system
Molniya-M Satellite communications
MGK-80 (?) Underwater communications
Tsunami, Kiparis, Anis, Sintez and Kora Communications antennas
Paravan Towed VLF Antenna
Vspletsk Combat direction system

Sonars  MGK-503-M Skat active/passive suite
Akula flank arrays
Pelamida towed array
MG-70 mine detection sonar

Countermeasures  Bukhta ESM/ECM
2 MG-74 Korund noise simulation decoys (torpedo-sized)
MT-70 Sonar intercept receiver
Nikhrom-M IFF


Class Listing
Unit Shipyard Fleet Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
Project 971 Shuka-B (Akula)  
1 K-284  Puma SY 199 PAC 10/06/1982  12/30/1984  **/**/1985  07/**/1985 1995 stricken  
2 K-263  Del'fin  SY 199 PAC 1982  07/15/1984  09/**/1986  
3 K-322  Kashalot  SY 199 PAC ----------  07/**/1987  11/**/1987   1998 in reserve ??  
4 K-480  Bars  SY 402 NOR 1982 05/**/1988  10/**/1988   1997 in reserve ??
?? possibly "Improved"
5 K-391  Kit  SY 199 PAC ----------  04/**/1989  07/**/1989  
6 K-317  Pantera  SY 402 NOR 11/**/1986  05/**/1990  10/**/1990   1998 in reserve ??
1999 Pacific Fleet?
7 K-331  Narval  SY 199 PAC ----------  06/**/1990  09/**/1990  
Project 971U Shuka-B (NATO code "improved Akula I")  
1 K-461  Volk  SY 402 NOR 1986  06/**/1991  12/**/1991   possibly named "Wolf"
possibly not "Improved"
2 K-419  Morzh  SY 199 PAC ----------  05/**/1992  08/**/1992  
3 K-328  Leopard  SY 402 NOR 10/**/1988  10/06/1992  02/28/1993  
4 K-157  Tigr  SY 402 NOR 1989 07/10/1993  12/**/1994   
5 K-267  Drakon  SY 199 PAC ----------  08/04/1994  07/29/1995   hull NO. possibly K-295  
6   SY 199      ? construction suspended  
? 7   SY 199      ? construction suspended  

Project 971A / 971M Shuka-B (Akula II)  
1 -----  Vepr  SY 402  1991 12/10/1994  07/**/1995   possibly "Improved"
2 -----  Belgograd  SY 402  1990  1998 ???   [ex Gepard]
name possibly Rys'
possibly "Improved"
3 -----  Kuguar  SY 402  1992  1999 -----   name possibly Yaguar  
4 -----  Nerpa  SY 402  1994  2000  -----  name possibly Bison  
?   SY 402      ? construction suspended
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CDer:000000328
发表于 2003-03-03 03:33 | 显示全部楼层
J级也就是朱力叶级发射SS-N-3的那张确实猛图!难得一见![em02]




[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-2 19:41:19编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 03:34 | 显示全部楼层
Sierra(”西拉“级)攻击核潜艇

排水量7900顿
航速34节
共造两艘






[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 23:13:23编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 03:36 | 显示全部楼层
Project 945 Sierra class
Attack Submarine (Nuclear Powered)
Designed to engage surface task forces and launch cruise missiles at coastal facilities, the Sierra Project 945 class submarines represented the apex of Soviet attack submarine design. Project 945 was initiated in March 1972, under the direction of Chief designer N.E. Kvasha of TsKB-112 Lazurit. The new Sierra-class submarines were intended to be the primary Soviet attack submarine, incorporating a variety of new sensors, silencing equipment, command systems and countermeasures. The Sierra-class uses a single OK-650 pressurised water reactor, of the same model used in Project 971 (Akula) and on the Mike class submarine Komsomolets.

The Project 945 was generally comparable in performance to early Los Angeles class, though with an arguably superior non-acoustic detection system and integrated acoustic countermeasures system. They were apparently based on the design experience gained with the Project 685 Plavnik [Alfa], although a much larger torpedo room with capacity of up to 40 rounds was provided. Noise levels were reduced by Cluster Guard anechoic tiles on the outer hull.

The boat is outfitted with six 533 mm torpedo tubes capable of using a combination of Granat cruise missiles, torpedoes, antisubmarine missiles, and mines. As with the Alfa, the hull is constructed of titanium alloy, providing deep diving capability and the ability to avoid magnetic anomaly detection. The Sierra-I class had six major compartments: (1) the torpedo room, and battery, (2) crew quarters, officers mess and galley, (3) command center, computer complex, and diesel generators, (4) reactor, (5) main switchboard, pumps and geared turbines, (6) electric motors, steering gear and pumps. The double-hull reduces possible damage to the inner hull’s compartments, and the outer hull is coated with anti-hydroacoustic materials making the Sierra more difficult to detect. A crew escape chamber is capable of bringing up the entire crew from a depth of 1,500 meters.

The Sierra-II was an improved and slightly version of the 'Sierra-I' class. The 945.A project (Sierra II) differs from the Sierra I in that the sonar capability of the Sierra II is better and has a reduced acoustic signature. It is five meters longer overall, with a larger blunt sail that is six meters longer than the Sierra I sail. The enlarged sail accommodates two rescue chambers, versus the single chamber on the Sierra-I. The increased hull size provided improved living quarters and quieting measures. It was also equipped with a new American-style spherical bow sonar. This filled the bow section, and the torpedo tubes were moved farther aft and angled out from the centerline. The torpedo room was modified to accomodate the S-10 Granat strategic cruise missile. In contrast to the six compartments on the Sierra-I, the Sierra-II had seven compartments: (1) the torpedo room, and battery, (2) crew quarters, officers mess and galley, (3) sonar room and command center, (4) computer complex, and diesel generators, (5) reactor, (6) main switchboard, pumps and geared turbines, (7) electric motors, steering gear and pumps.

The hulls were built at the factory Krasnoye Soromovo in Nizhny Novgorod and towed in dock via inland waterways to Severodvinsk where construction and testing were completed. By 1976 it had become evident that existing industrial infrastructure was inadequate to mass produce the expensive titanium hulls of this class, and that consequently production rates would not meet force level requirements. Consequently, the Akula attack submarine project using a steel hull was initiated. Construction of the Sierra class was halted in favor of the [probably] less expensive 'Akula' class.

Some analysts suggested that as many as 26 units of the Sierra II class may have been planned. It is generally accepted that one Project 945A Sierra-II unit was laid down [possibly with the name "Mars"] but cancelled prior to completion. This unit may have been the first of a further modified design, designated Project 945B Mars. According to some sources, three units of the Project 945B series were scrapped on the stocks.

Authoritative sources provide substantially conflicting information concerning the chronology of this class. More significantly, while some sources [ warships1.com , World Navies Today and USNI Military Database ] suggest that only two units of the Sierra-I class were built, other sources [Bellona and Russia's (USSR) Arms Catalog ] suggest that in fact four units were constructed, a claim which is bolstered by the apparently precise construction chronology for the units. One source of potential confusion is that no sources report pennant numbers for the Barracuda or Kondor, which would appear to reflect a confusion between the class name and the name of individual units. The chronology in Russia's (USSR) Arms Catalog evidently is partially derived from that of Bellona, which is suspect because of the discrepancy between the apparent "as of" date of the document and the reported dates of the chronology. Closer inspection reveals greater consistency in reported milestone dates than in the units or events to which these dates are attributed.

The Project 945 boats were deployed with the Red Banner Northern Fleet, and based in Ara Bay at the Vidyayevo Naval Base. On 11 February 1992, the K-239 Tula [ex-Karp] collided with the American submarine Baton Rouge just off Kildin Island near the Kola Coast. After the collision, the submarine returned to base, but it was later transferred to Zvezdochka Shipyard in Severodvinsk for upgrades, maintenance and repair. As of April 1995, K-239 was still at the shipyard in Severodvinsk.

K-276 Krab was decommissioned in 1997, after only seven years in service, due to a lack of funding for a needed overhaul. Most sources report that both Project 945A class submarines were decommissioned in 1997 as a result of high operating costs, though some sources suggest they may remain in service.


Specifications
Designer:  Gen. designer N.I.Kvasha (TsKB-112 Lazurit)  
Builder:  Krasnoye Sormovo, Zavod 112, Nizhniy Novgorod (ex-Gorkiy);
Sevmashpredpriyatiye, Severodvinsk

Displacement (tons):  5,200-7,200 tons surfaced
6,800-10,100 tons submerged [Sierra I]
10,400 tons submerged [Sierra II]  
Speed (kts):  18 knots surfaced
35-36 knots submerged  
Operating Depth:  2,300 feet Maximum Safe Depth
2,625 feet Never-Exceed Depth
3,000 feet Crush depth  
Endurance  4,500 full power hours
50 days stores endurance
Dimensions (m):  107.0 meters long [Sierra I]
110.5-112.7 meters long [Sierra II]
11.2-12.3 meters beam
8.5-9.5 meters draft (surfaced) [Sierra I]
9.4 meters draft (surfaced) [Sierra II]
Propulsion:  1 OK-650 190 MWt presurized-water nuclear reactor
steam turbines 47-50,000 shp
1 7 bladed propeller, titanium hull  
Crew:  59-61 [31 officers / 28-30 enlisted]  
Armament:  
Missiles:  P-100 Oniks/SS-N-22 Sunburn anti-ship missiles,
2 RPK-6 Vodopod/SS-N-16 Stallion rocket delivered nuclear depth charges
RPK-7 Vodopei/SS-N-16 Stallion rocket-delivered homing torpedoes
1 Strela SAM SA-N-5/8 position

Torpedoes:  4 x 21" (533mm) bow mounted Torpedo Tubes [two internal and two external]
w/BA-111 Shkval underwater rocket, SET-72, TEST-71M, USET-80 torpedoes
4 x 25.6" (650mm) bow mounted Torpedo Tubes
w/ Type 65-76 (650mm)
42 mines in lieu of torpedoes  
Systems:  Chiblis Surface Search radar
Medvyedista-945 Navigation system
Molniya-M Satellite communications
Tsunami, Kiparis, Anis, Sintez and Kora Communications antennas
MGK-80 (?) Underwater communications
Paravan Towed VLF Antenna
Vspletsk Combat direction system
MGK-503 Skat suite,active/passive Sonar
Akula flank arrays Sonar
Pelamida towed array Sonar
MG-70 mine detection sonar
Bukhta ESM/ECM
2 MG-74 Korund noise simulation decoys (torpedo-sized)
MT-70 Sonar intercept receiver
Nikhrom-M IFF


Class Listing
Unit Shipyard Fleet Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
Project 945 ("Barrakuda" type), NATO code "Sierra I"  
1 K-239  Tula KS/SV  NOR 08/05/1982  07/29/1983  09/21/1984  1997 (ex-Karp)
02/11/1992 collided SSN-689
1997 in reserve pending refuelling
not expected to return to service  
2 K-276  Krab  KS/SV  NOR 04/**/1984  06/**/1986  06/**/1987   ?? 1997 in reserve
Project 945A ("Kondor" type), NATO code "Sierra II"  
1 K-534  Pskov NN/SV  NOR 06/**/1988  05/**/1990  **/**/1992   (ex-Zubatka)  
2 K-336  Nizhny Novgorod NN/SV  NOR 05/**/1990  06/**/1992  08/12/1993   (ex-Okun)
hull NO. possibly K-239  
3 K-123  Mars NN/SV   05/**/1989  07/**/1992    ? cancelled
possibly 945B  
Project 945B ("Mars" type), NATO code "Sierra III?"  
   NN/SV       cancelled  
   NN/SV       cancelled
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发表于 2003-03-03 03:44 | 显示全部楼层
45楼说的是北约称作北德文斯克的885型雅森级,兄台不因该发到哪儿不知道的人要搞混了,最好能佩上885刚公布的新型方案模型!

都是好图,不过兄台如果能佩上中文说明那就比较好了啊!呵呵!

[em02]
[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-2 19:45:05编辑过]
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发表于 2003-03-03 03:50 | 显示全部楼层
以下是引用lostangel在2003-3-2 19:44:22的发言:
45楼说的是北约称作北德文斯克的885型雅森级,兄台不因该发到哪儿不知道的人要搞混了,最好能佩上885刚公布的新型方案模型!

少见的O I型和P型也有不错!

都是好图,不过兄台如果能佩上中文说明那就比较好了啊!呵呵!

[em02]
[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-2 19:45:05编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 03:57 | 显示全部楼层
以下是引用lostangel在2003-3-2 19:50:12的发言:
[quote]以下是引用lostangel在2003-3-2 19:44:22的发言:
45楼说的是北约称作北德文斯克的885型雅森级,兄台不因该发到哪儿不知道的人要搞混了,最好能佩上885刚公布的新型方案模型!

少见的O I型和P型也有不错!

  都是好图,不过兄台如果能佩上中文说明那就比较好了啊!呵呵!

  [em02]
  
[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-2 19:45:05编辑过]


[/quote]都是从洋鬼子那儿找的。内容太多了,要翻译的话,工作量实在有的太大了。
不好意思,将就一下吧。嘿嘿!
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 04:03 | 显示全部楼层
以下是引用lostangel在2003-3-2 19:29:29的发言:
[quote]以下是引用qzshd001在2003-3-2 18:51:32的发言:



图片指错了不好意思是这条,这是V级![em02]
[/quote]
的确是VIII级。鲨鱼的艇首像个圆柱体,跟鱼雷一样。VIII的艇首有点凸起结构。另外,鲨鱼的艇体较粗短,舰桥较大,而VIII则相反,所以从侧面比较容易区别。VII和Alfa型没有拖曳声纳整流罩,很容易与鲨鱼曲别。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 04:05 | 显示全部楼层
  倒霉的”迈克“

1989年4月7日在挪威海熊岛西北180公里处沉没的“共青团员号”(西方称迈克级)









[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 23:16:45编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 04:12 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 04:13 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 04:13 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 04:13 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 04:14 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 04:17 | 显示全部楼层
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