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红色鲨鱼-前苏联潜艇舰队全集-大吐大图[★New★]

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发表于 2003-03-03 02:14 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Project 949 Granit / Oscar I
Project 949A Antey / Oscar II

"奥斯卡"级巡航导弹核潜艇-航母克星水下版

"奥斯卡-I" 共建两艘,首舰82年服役.现已全部退役
"奥斯卡-II"共建10艘,8艘在役.首舰86年入役.
"奥斯卡"级的特色就是艇两侧的24枚SS-N-19巡航导弹。
SS-N-19是一种远程,超音速,掠海飞行的多用途反舰导弹。79年庄北原苏联海军。最大速度2。5马赫,射程550公里。
"奥斯卡"级的任务是攻击航母编队,保护本国弹道导弹核潜艇,攻击商船等大型目标。





















[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-4 1:43:39编辑过]
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:18 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:18 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:19 | 显示全部楼层
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:19 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:20 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:21 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:21 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:22 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:23 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:23 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:24 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:25 | 显示全部楼层
Specifications
949 (Oscar-I)  949A (Oscar-II)  
Displacement (tons): 12,500 surfaced
15,500 - 22,500 submerged  13,400 - 14,700 surfaced
16,400 - 24,000 submerged  
Speed (kts):  32 knots dived
16 kts surfaced  32 knots dived
16 kts surfaced  
Dimensions (m): 143.0 meters long
18.2 meters beam (20.1 with stabilizers)
9.0 meters draft  154.0 meters long
18.2 meters beam
9.0 meters draft  
Propulsion  2 VM-5 190 MWt pressurized-water nuclear reactors (OK-650b)
2 steam turbines - 90,000 shp  
Propulsion  2 4-bladed propellers  2 7-bladed propellers  
Endurance: 50 days
Diving depth: 300-600 meters [by various estimates]
Crew : 94 total  
Armament: 24 - SS-N-19 / P-700 Granit
24 - torpedoes/tube-launched weapons

4 - 533 mm tubes - SS-N-15 Starfish / 82-P missiles or torpedoes
4 - 650 mm tubes - SS-N-16 Stallion / 85-P missiles or torpedoes

Electronics  Radar
Snoop Pair or Snoop Half Surface Search
Rim Hat intercept array
Sonar
Shark Gill (MGK-503) hull mounted
Shark Rib flank array
Mouse Roar MG-519 Hull mounted
Pelamida towed array
2 periscopes



Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Fleet Chronology Notes  
NO.  Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
Project 949 ("Granit" type), NATO code "Oscar I"  
1 K-525  Arkhangelsk  SY 402 NOR 1978 04/**/1980  1982 1996 12/30/80 named "Minsky Komsomolets"
1991 renamed
1996 deactivated
2000 to be dismantled at Sevmash  
2 K-206  Murmansk  SY 402  NOR 1980?  12/**/1982  1983 1996 1991 named
1996 deactivated
2000 to be dismantled at Sevmash  
Project 949A ("Antey" type), NATO code "Oscar II"  
1 K-148  Orenburg  SY 402  NOR ----------  08/**/1985  07/**/1986
12/**/1986  ?? 1998 ex-Krasnodar [name as of 1995]
ex-Vologda
2000 probably active
2000 laid up awaiting disposal ??
2 K-132  Irkutsk  SY 402  PAC ----------  **/**/1986
03/**/1986  **/**/1987
01/**/1987  ? 1998 (name also reported as "Belgorod")
2000 in reserve
2000 laid up awaiting disposal ?
3 K-119  Voronezh  SY 402  NOR
PAC ? ----------  **/**/1986
12/**/1987  **/**/1988
12/**/1988   (name also reported as "Krasnoyarsk"
"Tambov" or "Chel'yabinsk")
2000 active  
4 K-173  Krasnoyarsk  SY 402 NOR ----------  **/**/1987
01/**/1989  **/**/1988
12/**/1989  ? 1997-8 (name also reported as "Veronesh")
(name mis-reported as "Chelyabinsk")
1997-8 deactivated
2000 laid up awaiting disposal ?
5 K-410  Smolensk  SY 402  NOR ----------  **/**/1988
12/**/1989  **/**/1990
12/**/1990   2000 active  
6 K-442  Chelyabinsk  SY 402  PAC ----------  **/**/1989
01/**/1990  12/29/1990
01/**/1991   (name also reported as "Pskov")
(name mis-reported as "Tomsk")
2000 active  
7 K-456  Viliuczinsk SY 402  PAC ----------  **/**/1990
12/**/1991  **/**/1991
11/**/1992   (ex-"Kasatka", possibly "Tambov")
09/**/1993 to Pacific Fleet
2000 active  
8 K-266  Orel SY 402 NOR ----------  01/**/1992
05/22/1992  12/**/1992
01/**/1993   (ex-"Severodvinsk")
2000 active  
9 K-186  Omsk  SY 402 NOR ----------  05/08/1993  10/27/1993
12/15/1993   (possibly renamed
"Petropavlosk Kamchatsky")
2000 active  
10 K-141  Kursk  SY 402  NOR 1992 05/**/1994  10/**/1994
12/30/1994
01/20/1995  8/12/2000  
11 K-512  St.Georgy Pobeditel SY 402 PAC ----------  07/18/1995
07/18/1996 02/28/1997
12/31/1997   (ex-"Tomsk")
08/1997 operational
01/26/1998 cooling system accident
2000 active
12 K-530  Belgorod  SY 402   ----------  05/**/1998
08/**/1999 ????  (name also reported as "Pskov")
2000 construction suspended??  
13 K-139 Pskov? SY 402   ????  ???? ----------  [?? construction suspended ??]  
14 K-___   SY 402   ????  ---------- ----------  [?? cancelled ??]  
15 K-___   SY 402   ????  ---------- ----------  [?? cancelled ??]
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:26 | 显示全部楼层
941 TYPHOON

一级台风警报!

台风!台风来了!































941 TYPHOON
During the Cold War the Typhoon submarines prowled the waters of the North Atlantic. These submarines do not have to submerge or go to sea to launch their long-range missiles. They are able to do so tied up at their docks. The Typhoon is the world抯 largest submarine and was one of the most feared weapons of the Cold War. Each submarine is capable of carrying twenty long-range ballistic missiles with up to 200 nuclear warheads that were once aimed at the United States.

The design of the Typhoon submarine is multi-hulled and bears resemblance to a catamaran. The submarine has two separate pressure hulls with a diameter of 7.2 m each, five inner habitable hulls and 19 compartments. The pressure hulls are arranged parallel to each other and symmetrical to a centerplane. The missile compartment is arranged in the upper part of the bow between the pressure hulls. Both hulls and all compartments are connected by transitions. The pressure hulls, the centerplane and the torpedo compartment are made of titanium and the outer light hull is made of steel. A protected module, comprising the main control room and electronic equipment compartment, is arranged behind the missile silos above the main hulls in a centerplane under the guard of retractable devices.

The submarine's design includes features to enable it to both travel under ice and for ice-breaking. It has an advanced stern fin with horizontal hydroplane fitted after the screws. The nose horizontal hydroplanes are in the bow section and are retractable into the hull. The retractable systems include two periscopes (one for the commander and one for general use), radio sextant, radar, radio communications, navigation and direction-finder masts. They are housed within the sail guard. The sail and sail guard have a reinforced rounded cover for ice-breaking.

The submarine is equipped with the D-19 launch system with 20 solid-fuel propellant R-39 missiles which have a range of up to 10,000 km. They are arranged in silos in two rows in front of the sail between the main hulls. The Typhoon has an automated torpedo and missile loading system including 6 torpedo tubes with calibres of 650 and 533 mm.

The main machinery consists of two reactors each and two steam turbines of 190 MW that provide a maximum speed of 25-27 knots. Compared to the first and second generation of SSBNs the Typhoon enjoys far greater maneuverability Despite of its larger displacement the Typhoons are less noisy than their predecessors. To reduce the acoustic signature a two-spool system of rubber-cord pneumatic shock-absorption is employed as well as a block layout of gears and equipment, a new sound isolation and andrihydroacoustic coating.

The Typhoons are equipped with the "Slope" hydroacoustic system that consists of four hydroacoustic stations. The "Slope" system allows to track 10-12 vessels simultaneously. It also employs two floating antenna buoys to receive radio messages, target designation data and satellite navigation signals at great depth and under an ice cover.

The development of the 941 heavy strategic submarine was authorized in December 1972, and on 19 December 1973 the governmental officially issued the order to design and build the 941 ballistic missile submarine. The developer was the Leningrad design bureau which is now the Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin". After intensive testing the heavy ballistic missile submarine 941-"TK-208" was commissioned in September 1980 and introduced into the Northern fleet on 12 December 1981. Between 1981 and 1989 six Typhoon submarines entered service. They formed part of the 1st flotilla of atomic submarines based in the Western Theater of the Northern fleet based at Nyerpichya. A seventh vessel was begun but never finished.

The Typhoon submarines were initially intended to be retrofitted with a replacement of the D-19 launch system with an advanced system, and the new SS-N-28 missile. The lead unit of this class, the TK-208, had been in overhaul since 1992 with the intent of receiving these modifications, but it now appears that it will not return to service. All but one of the Typhoon class submarines are slated to be withdrawn from service within a few years, and it is unlikely that units of the class would be modified to accomodate new missiles.

In 1997 two Typhoon submarines were decommissioned. The operational lifetime of these submarines is estimated to be 20-30 years, though in order to operate a ship for this period requires that a major overhaul be performed every 7-8 years. Otherwise, a submarine's service life shrinks to 10-15 years. Navy officials claim that it is possible to extend operations of the Typhoons until 2005-2007.

The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program is scheduled to dismantle 25 Delta-class, as many as five Typhoon-class, and one Yankee-class ballistic missile submarines capable of launching over 400 missiles with over 1,700 warheads, by the year 2003. In 1999 Secretary of Defense Bill Cohen approved the contract to begin dismantlement of the first Typhoon nuclear submarine. If and when all of these submarines are dismantled, 1,200 nuclear weapons will be removed from operational systems.

As of June 2000 the Russian Navy claimed that it operates 26 strategic nuclear submarines carrying 2,272 nuclear warheads on 440 ballistic missiles. This force was said to consist of 5 Typhoon class submarines, 7 Delta-IV class submarines, and 13 Delta-III class submarines [which only adds up to 25, not 26 submarines]. Not all of these submarines are presently seaworthy. According to one published report as of 1999 only a single Typhoon remained operational [probably TK-20], and most estimates would suggest that no more than three boats were in service by early 2000.

In January 2000 it was reported that three of six Russian Typhoon-class submarines would remain in active operation to test the new Bark-class strategic missiles, contrary to both the plans of the Co-operative Threat Reduction program and reports that Bark-class missiles had been cancelled due to design failures. The Russian Navy reportedly believes that 12 strategic nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles represent the minimum necessary force structure. According to media reports a classified presidential decree of 04 March 2000 established this force goal for the period through 2010.

Specifications
Soviet Designation
941 Akula

US-Designation
Typhoon

Development began
December 1973

Design Bureau
Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin"
Chief designer
S.H. Kovalev
Builders
Nr. 402 Severodvinsk
Construction and Outfit
March 1977-September 1989

Service time
December 1981-

Number of ships
6

Armament
D-19 launch system with
20 R-39 missiles
2-650mm torpedo tubes
4-533mm torpedo tubes
Power Plant
2 pressurized water reactors, 190 MW each
2 steam turbines, 50.000 hp each

Propellers
2?/FONT>7 blade fixed-pitch shrouded

Length
170-172 meters

Beam
23-23.3 meters

Draft
11-11.5 meters

Displacement
23,200-24,500 tons Surfaced
33,800-48,000 tons Submerged

Maximum diving depth
500 meters

Speed
12-16 knots Surface
25-27 knots Submerged

Crew
150 men (50 officers)

Endurance
90-120 days




Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 TK-208   402 Sevmash  03/03/1977  09/23/1980  12/12/1981   1992 missile accident,
deactivated for refit
2001 reactivated?  
2 TK-202   402 Sevmash  10/01/1980  04/26/1982  12/28/1983  2000 1997- deactivated for refueling
2000 dismantled  
3 TK-12   402 Sevmash  04/27/1982  12/17/1983  12/27/1984   1997- deactivated for refueling
2000 in reserve  
4 TK-13   402 Sevmash  01/05/1984  02/21/1985  12/29/1985   1997- undergoing overhaul
2000 in reserve  
5 TK-17   402 Sevmash  02/24/1985  08/**/1986  11/06/1987   in service
slated for dismantlement ??
6 TK-20   402 Sevmash  01/06/1987  07/**/1988  09/04/1989   in service
7 TK-210  402 Sevmash      Cancelled under construction



嘿嘿!乍舌了吧!眼直了吧!


=======================================

































































































































































[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 20:08:17编辑过]
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:26 | 显示全部楼层
苏联产的"美国佬"

前苏联第二代弹道导弹核潜艇
67年至74年共装备了34艘
排水量9300顿
因其外形酷似美国的北极星核潜艇,所以被NATO称为Y型(Yakee“美国佬”)
水下航速28节装备16枚SS-N-6潜射弹道导弹

其实,Y级,D-I,D-II,D-III,D-IV这几级核潜艇,外形布局极像。可以说,唯一的区别就是弹道导弹的个数和性能。

Y级搭载16枚2400~3000公里的SS-N-6(I,II,III型)
D-I的导弹舱加高,搭载12枚射程7800公里的SS-N-8
D-II的导弹舱增加至16枚,仍搭载SS-N-8
D-III的导弹舱又加高(前苏联“弹”“艇”技术发展不平衡的弱点在Y级到D-IV级上,彻底的暴露出来。)以搭载分导式多弹头的SS-N-18弹道导弹(注意:不是“撒旦”哟)
D-IV装备了16枚SS-N-23弹道导弹。乖乖!这回导弹舱高的与舰桥一般高了。原来“达瓦里希”也疯狂!


667A YANKEE I
















[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 22:02:47编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:27 | 显示全部楼层




[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 21:58:23编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:28 | 显示全部楼层









[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 21:58:53编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:30 | 显示全部楼层
667A YANKEE I
In 1958 OKB-18 started the development of a new ballistic missile submarine. Initially work was undertaken on two versions, of which only one was authorized. A.S. Kassatsiyer, the author of both versions was designated as chief designer. The development of the submarine faced significant problems regarding the launch system. During elimination of the problems the project underwent fundamental changes and as a result the completely new submarine design received the new designation 667A. The new chief designer was S. I. Kovalev. The revised 667A submarine was both developed and authorized in 1962.

The external contours of the submarine were designed to achieve minimal resistance when operating under water. Unlike previous submarines, the horizontal hydroplanes were arranged on the sail. The cylinder-shaped pressure hull is divided into 10 compartments and has an exterior diameter of 9.4m.

The SSBN 667A is equipped with the D-5 launch system and 16 R-27 missiles with a range of about 2400 km. They are arranged in two rows in the fourth and fifth compartments. The missiles can be launched from a depth of 40-50 meters below the surface, while the submarine is moving at a speed of up to 3-4 knots. The missiles are fired in four salvos each comprising four missiles. The time needed for pre-launch preparation is 8 minutes, and within a salvo the missiles are fired at intervals of 8 seconds. After each salvo the submarine needs three minutes return to the launching depth and between the second and third salvo it takes 20-35 minutes to pump water from the tanks into the launching tubes.

The primary propulsion machinery includes two self-contained units [port and starboard], each of which consists of a pressurized water reactor reactor, and an independent turbogear assembly. The maximum speed when submerged is 27 knots. The auxiliary propulsion motors can be used for torpedo firing, to maintain electric power during emergency and provide for stand-by capability of the boat while on the surface.

To reduce the noise of the submarine special propellers were created, the pressure hull was covered with sound-absorbing rubber and the external hull was covered with a antihydroacoustic coating. The footings under the main and auxiliary propulsion systems are also isolated by a layer of rubber.


The 667A SSBNs were equipped with the "Cloud" battle management system which could receive signals up to a depth of 50 meters with the help of the towed antenna "Paravan." The first four 667A Yankee submarines employed the "Sigma" navigation system whereas the follow-on ships were equipped with the "Tobol" -- the first Soviet navigational system that used a satellite navigation system. This system provided reliable navigation in the Arctic Region and in the Pacific Ocean and also sustained the operational capability of the missiles at high latitudes down to 85 degrees.


The first 667A Yankee submarine, with the tactical designation K-137, was launched in 1964 at the Northern machine-building enterprise in Severodvinsk. In July 1967 the submarine "K-137" completed sea trials and at the end of 1967 it was introduced into the Northern fleet. Between 1967 and 1974 a total of 34 strategic submarines of the 667A class were build. 24 submarines were launched in Severodvinsk and 10 in Komsomolsk na Amure.

In 1972-1983 the Yankee submarines along with older submarines were re-equipped with the D-5U launch system and R-27U missiles. The R-27U missile had a greater range -- up to 3000 km -- and carried multiple reentry vehicles. The upgraded submarine was designated as 667AU.

In 1967 the first 667A ballistic submarines to form part of the Northern fleet were incorporated into the 31st division of strategic submarines, which was based in the port of Sayda. At the end of the 60s the 19th division of strategic submarines was also equipped with 667A submarines. Both divisions formed part of a structure consisting of 12 squadrons, which in December 1969 was transformed into the 3rd flotilla of submarines.

Two divisions of 667A submarines of the Pacific fleet ?8th and 25th- - were based at Kamchatka. In the middle of the 1970s a unit of 667A SSBNs was transferred to Pavlovsk.

In May, 1974 near the Navy base in Petropavlovsk a ballistic missile submarine of the 667A class collided with the American attack submarine "Pintado" (SSN-672) in a depth of about 65m. The Soviet submarine was only lightly damaged.

On 03 October 1986 on board of the ballistic missile submarine "K-219" of the 667AU class an explosion took place that sparked off a fire. The cause was a depressurization of the reactor pit. The submarine was located 970 km east of the Bermuda Islands. The crew of a boat managed to surface the submarine and muffle the reactors. As a result of the accident four people were killed. The submarine was towed but on 06 October it had to be scuttled into a depth of 5,500 meters. The United States Navy normally does not comment on submarine operations. But the US Navy issued a statement regarding the release of the book "Hostile Waters" and an HBO movie of the same name, based on the incidents surrounding the casualty of the Russian Yankee submarine K-219. The United States Navy "categorically denies that any U.S. submarine collided with the Russian Yankee submarine (K-219) or that the Navy had anything to do with the cause of the casualty that resulted in the loss of the Russian Yankee submarine."

Between 1979 and 1994 all Yankee submarines were removed from operational status and their missile compartments cut out to comply with arms control agreement ceilings. During their operation time the 667A and 667AM Yankee submarines had carried out 590 patrols all over the world. Two of the submarines were taken out of service in 1979, two in January 1980, one in January 1981, two in January 1982, one in November 1982, one in June 1983, one in January 1984, two in April 1985, two in March 1986, two in 1987, and the rest in 1988 and 1989.

A number of Yankee ballistic missile submarines were modified to perform other missions.

In 1977 the "K-140" submarine was equipped with the first D-11 Soviet sea based solid-fuel missiles and received the designation 667AM Yankee II. The 12 P-31 missiles loaded on the submarine could be fired from a depth up to 50 meters. The torpedo tubes could be reloaded in less than in one minute using a "dry" launch technique. Its submerged displacement increased to 10,000 tons.
The submarine "K-420" was converted to test the "Meteorite" (SS-N-24) cruise missiles. The re-equipped submarine received the designation 667M (Yankee SSGN or Yankee Sidecar). The length and the width of the SSBN were increased up to 153 m and 15-16 m respectively. Outside of the pressure hull 12 launchers for the SS-N-24 missiles were located. The re-equipment began in December 1982 and the first launches of a cruise missile was conducted in December 1983.
From 1982 to 1991 some Yankee I SSBNs were equipped with 20 up to 40 launchers of SS-N-21 "Grenade". They were designated as 667AT (Yankee Notch). Unlike the "K-420" that was converted to carry the SS-N-24 missiles, the shape of the deck behind the cabin was not altered. The displacement of the submarine was increased up to 11,500 tons and the body was lengthened to 140 meters.
From 1979-1984 the ballistic missile submarine "K-403" was converted into a submarine for special purposes designated as Yankee Pod. Instead of a missile compartment, it had was equipped with radio equipment and a towed hydroacoustic station.
In 1990 the SSBN "K-411" was converted under the project 09774 (Yankee Stretch) into a carrier of supersmall "KS-411" submarines.
Between 1988 and 1994 most converted Yankee submarines were removed from operational status. The converted K-411 (Yankee Stretch) and K-420 (Yankee Sidecar) are reliably reported to remain in service, and some reports also suggest that K-395 [a Yankee Notch] and K-403 [Yankee Pod] may also remain in service.

Specifications
Soviet Designation
667A
667AU Navaga
667 Am Navaga

US-Designation
Yankee I
Yankee II

Development began
1958

Design Bureau
Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin"

Chief designer
S.H. Kovalev
O.YA. Margolin

Builders
Severodvinsk
Komsomolsk na Amure

Construction and Outfit
667A: 1964-1974
667AU: 1972-1983
1977-1980

Service time
667A: 1967-1983
667AU: 1972-1994
1980-1990

Number of ships
34
1 converted

Armament
667A: D-5 launch system with
16 R-27 missiles

667AU: D-5U launch system with
16 R-27U missiles
D-11 launch system with
12 R-31 missiles

4-533mm torpedo tubes
2-400mm torpedo tubes

Power Plant
2 pressurized water reactors
2 steam turbines, 52.000 hp each  
Length
132 meters

Beam
11.6 meters

Deposit
8 meters

Displacement
7760 m3 Surfaced

9600 m3 Submerged
10000 m3 Submerged

Maximum depth
400 meters

Speed
12 knots Surface

25 knots Submerged
24 knots Submerged

Crew
120 men
130 men

Endurance
70 days



Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 K-137  Leninets  402 Sevmash  11/09/1964  08/28/1966  11/05/1967  ----------  1994 deactivated
1998 planned to scrap  
2 K-140   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/30/1967  1990 08/23/1968 reactor accident
1977-80 project 667AM converted (Yankee II)  
3 K-26   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  09/03/1968  ----------  
4 K-32   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  10/26/1968  1999 1999 dismantled  
5 K-216   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/27/1968  ----------  in storage in Sayda Bay  
6 K-207   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/30/1968  ----------  
7 K-210   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  08/06/1969  ----------  in storage in Severodvinsk  
8 K-249   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  09/27/1969  ----------  
9 K-253   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  10/28/1969  ----------  
10 K-395   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/05/1969   1982-91 project 667AT("Grusha") converted to SSGN(Yankee Notch)
1999 remains operational  
11 K-408   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/25/1969  ----------  1982-91 project 667AT("Grusha") converted to SSGN(Yankee Notch)  
12 K-411   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  08/31/1970   project 09780 converted to a midget carrier(Yankee Stretch),redesignated KS-411
remains operational  
13 K-418   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  09/22/1970  1999 project 667AT("Grusha") converted to SSGN(Yankee Notch)
14 K-420   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  10/29/1970   1979-80 project 667M("Andromeda")converted to SSGN(Yankee Sidecar)  
15 K-423   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  11/13/1971  ----------  project 667AT("Grusha") convertedto SSGN(Yankee Notch)  
16 K-426   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/22/1970  ----------  
17 K-415   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/30/1971  1994 1982-91 project 667AT("Grusha") converted to SSGN(Yankee Notch)
1994 dismantled  
18 K-403   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  08/20/1971   1978-80 project 09774("Akson") converted to a special operation ship(Yankee Pod),redesignated to KS-403
1999 remains operational  
19 K-245   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/16/1971  ----------  
20 K-214   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/31/1971  ----------  
21 K-219   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/31/1971  1986 10/06/1986 lost  
22 K-228   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/31/1972  1995?  dismantled  
23 K-241   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/23/1971  1994?  dismantled  
24 K-444   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/09/1972  ----------  in storage in Severodvinsk  
25 K-399   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  12/24/1969  ----------  1982-91 project 667AT("Grusha") converted to SSGN(Yankee Notch)  
26 K-434   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  10/21/1970  ----------  
27 K-236   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  12/27/1970  ----------  1982-91 project 667AT("Grusha") converted to SSGN(Yankee Notch)  
28 K-389   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  1970 ----------  
29 K-252   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  1971 ----------  
30 K-258   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  1971 ----------  
31 K-446   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  1971 ----------  
32 K-451   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  1971 ----------  
33 K-436   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  1972 ----------  
34 K-430   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  ----------  1972 ----------  


Y-II级






667AM YANKEE II
In 1977 the "K-140" submarine was equipped with the first D-11 Soviet sea based solid-fuel missiles and received the designation 667AM Yankee II. The 12 P-31 missiles loaded on the submarine could be fired from a depth up to 50 meters. The torpedo tubes could be reloaded in less than in one minute using a "dry" launch technique. Its submerged displacement increased to 10,000 tons.
The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program is scheduled to dismantle 25 Delta-class, five Typhoon-class, and one Yankee-class ballistic missile submarines capable of launching over 400 missiles with over 1,700 warheads, by the year 2003. As of September 1999 US specialists had helped disassemble one Yankee- and six Delta-class submarines, while the Russians had destroyed another five ballistic missile subs on their own using American equipment.



Specifications
Soviet Designation
667A
667AU Navaga
667 Am Navaga

US-Designation
Yankee I
Yankee II

Development began
1958

Design Bureau
Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin"

Chief designer
S.H. Kovalev
O.YA. Margolin

Builders
Severodvinsk
Komsomol Na Amur

Construction and Outfit
667A: 1964-1974
667AU: 1972-1983
1977-1980

Service time
667A: 1967-1983
667AU: 1972-1994
1980-1990

Number of ships
34
1

Armament
667A: D-5 launch system with
16 R-27 missiles

667AU: D-5U launch system with
16 R-27U missiles
D-11 launch system with
12 R-31 missiles

4-533mm torpedo tubes
2-400mm torpedo tubes

Power Plant
2 pressurized water reactors
2 steam turbines, 52.000 hp each  
Length
132 meters

Beam
11.6 meters

Deposit
8 meters

Displacement
7,760 tons Surfaced

9,600 tons Submerged
10,000 tons Submerged

Maximum depth
400 meters

Speed
12 knots Surface

25 knots Submerged
24 knots Submerged

Crew
120 men
130 men

Self-sufficiency
70 days



Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 K-140   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  12/30/1967  1990 08/23/1968 reactor accident
1977-80 project 667AM converted (Yankee II)  











[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 22:08:43编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:30 | 显示全部楼层
667B DELTA I

Delta-I级弹道导弹核潜艇

72年~77年共造18艘
长140米
排水量10200顿
装备12枚20顿重,射程7800公里的SS-N-8潜射弹道导弹



667B DELTA I
In comparison with the Yankee submarines the Delta submarines have a greater displacement and larger external dimensions. The pressure hull of the 667B submarine consists of ten compartments.

The 667B submarines were equipped with D-9 launch systems and 12 R-29 missiles. The range of the R-29 missiles allowed the 667B to maintain constant combat patrol in remote areas. They are also capable of maintaining combat alert when moored at their bases. The Delta-class submarines could deploy on alert patrols in the marginal ice seas of the Soviet arctic littoral, including the Norwegian and Barents seas. Consequently, unlike their predecessors they no longer needed to pass through Western SOSUS sonar barriers to come within range their targets. And deployed close to home, they could be protected in "bastions" by the rest of the Soviet Navy. The submerged firing of the missiles can be conducted in a single salvo while the submarine is moving at a speed of 5 knots. A high degree of automation allowed a significant reduction in the time required for pre-launch preparations in comparison with the Yankee class. To improve the accuracy of the missiles, the Delta I submarines are equipped with the "Tobol-B" navigation system and the "Cyclone-B" satellite navigation system.

The development of the 667B Delta I submarine was authorized in 1965, with the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering was in charge of the program. The Delta I submarine "K-279" was build at the Northern machine-building enterprise in Severodvinsk and was incorporated into the Northern fleet on 22 December 1972. Between 1972 and 1977 18 Delta I submarines were launched, 10 in Severodvinsk and 8 in Komsomol Na Amur.

In 1973 the 667B submarine was incorporated into a division of strategic submarines of the Northern fleet based at Yagyelnaya bay. The formation of the 41st division of strategic submarines consisting of Delta I submarines was completed the same year. In 1974 the division was incorporated into the 11th flotilla of submarines. The Delta I submarines which belong to the Pacific fleet form the 25th division of strategic submarines and are based on Kamchatka. In the early 1990s the submarines were transferred to the Pavlovsk base in Primorye. The zones of patrol of the Northern fleet submarines were located in the area around Greenland and the Barents Sea, two or three days away from the submarine bases. The Delta I submarines that served in the Pacific fleet began patrols in 1976.

In 1991 nine Delta I submarines served in the Northern and Pacific Fleet. Their decommissioning began in 1994, and by 1997 the missile compartments were scheduled to be removed. It is anticipated that all 667B submarines will be decommissioned in compliance with the provisions of the START-1 treaty. The prcise tatus of individual hulls, including the dates on whcih they may have been withdrawn from service, cannot be readily determined from the public record.

As of June 2000 the Russian Navy claims that it operates 26 strategic nuclear submarines carrying 2,272 nuclear warheads on 440 ballistic missiles. This force is said to consist of 5 Typhoon class submarines, 7 Delta-IV class submarines, and 13 Delta-III class submarines [which only adds up to 25, not 26 submarines]. Not all of these submarines are presently seaworthy. The Russian Navy reportedly believes that 12 strategic nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles represent the minimum necessary force structure.

The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program is scheduled to dismantle 25 Delta-class, five Typhoon-class, and one Yankee-class ballistic missile submarines capable of launching over 400 missiles with over 1,700 warheads, by the year 2003. As of September 1999 US specialists had helped disassemble one Yankee- and six Delta-class submarines, while the Russians had destroyed another five ballistic missile subs on their own using American equipment.

Specifications
Soviet Designation
667B Murena
667 BD Murena-M

US-Designation
Delta I
Delta II

Development began
1965
November 1967

Design Bureau
Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin"

Chief designer
S.H. Kovalev

Builders
Severodvinsk
Komsomol Na Amur Severodvinsk
Construction and Outfit
1971-1977
1973-1975

Service time
1973-
1975-1996

Number of ships
18
4

Armament
D-9 launch system with
12 R-29 missiles
D-9 launch system with
16 R-29 missiles

4-533mm torpedo tubes 4-533mm torpedo tubes
2-400mm torpedo tubes
Power Plant
2 pressurized water reactors

2 steam turbines, 52.000 hp each
2 steam turbines, 55.000 hp each

Length
139 meters
155 meters

Beam
12 meters

Deposit
9 meters

Displacement
9000 m3 Surfaced
10500 m3 Submerged

11000m3 Surfaced
13000 m3 Submerged

Operating depth
390 meters (design)
450 meters (maximum depth)

Speed
12 knots Surface

25 knots Submerged
24 knots Submerged

Crew
120 men
130 men

Endurance
80 days



Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 K-279   402 Sevmash  1971 01/**/1972  12/22/1972  ----------  10/30/1986 collided with USS SSN-710
1992 in reserve
1998 planned to scrap  
2 K-447   402 Sevmash  ----------  1973 ----------  ----------  1994 defueled  
3 K-450   402 Sevmash  ----------  1973 ----------  ----------  
4 K-336   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  1974 ----------  ----------  hull NO. possibly K-366  
5 K-385   402 Sevmash  ----------  1974 ----------  ----------  
6 K-417   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  1974 ----------  ----------  
7 K-457   402 Sevmash  ----------  1974 ----------  ----------  05/05/1998 missile fuel leak,in reserve  
8 K-465   402 Sevmash  ----------  1974 ----------  ----------  hull NO. possibly K-453  
9 K-460   402 Sevmash  ----------  1975 ----------  ----------  
10 K-472   402 Sevmash  ----------  1975 ----------  1999 1999 dismantled  
11 K-475   402 Sevmash  ----------  1975 ----------  1999 1999 dismantled  
12 K-477   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  1975 ----------  ----------  
13 K-497   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  1975 ----------  ----------  
14 K-171   402 Sevmash  ----------  1976 ----------  ----------  
15 K-500   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  1976 ----------   1999 remains operational ??  
16 K-512  70 Let VLKSM  199 Komsomolsk  ----------  1976 ----------  ----------  10/28/1988 named
1991 unnamed  
17 K-523   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  1977 ----------  ----------  
18 K-530   199 Komsomolsk  ----------  1977 ----------   1999 remains operational ??  

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Delta-II级弹道导弹核潜艇


76年开始制造,共完成4艘
长155米
排水量11300顿
主要是加长了导弹发射舱,装载的SS-N-8弹道导弹增至16枚









667BD DELTA II
The 667BD was primarily developed to increase the number of missiles on strategic submarines. Its development was approved in June 1972 under the direction of the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering. The 667B Delta I served as the basis for the main design features. The pressure hull was lengthened by 16 meters in the area of the fourth and fifth compartments where four additional missile tubes were located. The displacement increased in 1,500 tons, and the full speed decreased 1 knot.

The 667BD submarines are equipped with the D-9D launch system and 16 R-29DD missiles. During the development of the new ballistic missile submarine several measures were applied to decrease the radiated noise level. The steam turbines include a two-spool system of shock-absorbers, the pipelines and hydraulic devices are isolated from the hulls and a new hydroacoustic coating was applied.

The first 667BD entered the Navy on 30 September 1975. Between 1973 and 1975 four submarines of this project were constructed at the Northern machine-building enterprise in Severodvinsk. The 667BD submarines formed part of the 3rd flotilla of submarines of the Northern fleet based in the Yagyelnaya bay. In 1996 one submarine was removed from operational status.

It is anticipated that all 667BD submarines will be decommissioned in compliance with the provisions of the START-1 treaty.

The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program is scheduled to dismantle 25 Delta-class, five Typhoon-class, and one Yankee-class ballistic missile submarines capable of launching over 400 missiles with over 1,700 warheads, by the year 2003. As of September 1999 US specialists had helped disassemble one Yankee- and six Delta-class submarines, while the Russians had destroyed another five ballistic missile subs on their own using American equipment.


Specifications
Soviet Designation
667B Murena
667 BD Murena-M

US-Designation
Delta I
Delta II

Development began
1965
November 1967

Design Bureau
Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin"

Chief designer
S.H. Kovalev

Builders
Severodvinsk
Komsomol Na Amur Severodvinsk
Construction and Outfit
1971-1977
1973-1975

Service time
1973-
1975-1996

Number of ships
18
4

Armament
D-9 launch system with
12 R-29 missiles
D-9 launch system with
16 R-29 missiles

4-533mm torpedo tubes 4-533mm torpedo tubes
2-400mm torpedo tubes
Power Plant
2 pressurized water reactors

2 steam turbines, 52.000 hp each
2 steam turbines, 55.000 hp each

Length
139 meters
155 meters

Beam
12 meters

Deposit
9 meters

Displacement
9000 m3 Surfaced
10500 m3 Submerged

11000m3 Surfaced
13000 m3 Submerged

Operating depth
390 meters (design)
450 meters (maximum depth)

Speed
12 knots Surface

25 knots Submerged
24 knots Submerged

Crew
120 men
130 men

Endurance
80 days




Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 K-182  Shestidesyatiletie Velikogo Oktyabrya  402 Sevmash  04/**/1973  01/**/1975  09/20/1975  ----------  11/04/1977 named
1996 in reserve  
2 K-92   402 Sevmash  04/**/1973  01/**/1975  12/17/1975  ----------  1996 in reserve  
3 K-193   402 Sevmash  1974 1975 12/30/1975  1999 12/1997 prepared for decommissioning
1999 dismantled  
4 K-421   402 Sevmash  1974 1975 12/30/1975  ----------  1996 in reserve
2000 planned to be defuelled  

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


DeltaIII(得尔塔3级)即DIII级弹道导弹核潜艇

77年~82年共建成14艘
长160米
排水量11700顿
用16枚34顿重,13。6米长分导式弹头的的SS-N-18代替了SS-N-8
嘿嘿!导弹发射舱又长了一层。








667BDR DELTA III
The development of the 667BDR Delta III ballistic missile submarine began in 1972 at the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering. This strategic submarine is equipped with the D-9R launch system and 16 R-29R missiles, and is the first submarine that can fire any number of missiles in a single salvo.


The R-29R missile is the first sea-based Soviet ballistic missile carrying 3 to 7 multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs), with a range of 6,500 to 8000 km, depending on the number of reentry vehicles.


The Delta III is equipped with the "Almaz -BDR" battle management system ensuring firing of deep-water torpedos. The inertial navigational system "Tobol-BD" is of the Delta II was replaced with the "Tobol-M-1" system, and subsequently with the "Tobol-M-2". The Delta III is also equipped with the "Bumblebee" hydroacoustic navigational system to determinate its position through hydroacoustic buoys. Instead of the hydroacoustic system "Kerch" was used on the 667BD submarines, the Delta III uses the new "Rubikon" hydro-acoustic system.

The advanced Delta III SSBN entered service in 1976, and by 1982 a total of fourteen submarines were commissioned. All of them were build at Severodvinsk. The operational lifetime of these submarines is estimated to be 20-25 years. The Delta III submarines which served in the Northern fleet formed a division and were based in the port of Sayda in the Yagyelnaya bay and in the Olyenya port. In the early 90s the ballistic missile submarines were transferred to Yagyelnaya. The Delta III that served in the Pacific Fleet formed a division of SSBNs which is based on Kamchatka.

When the START-1 treaty was signed in 1991 five 667BDR SSBNs still served in the Northern (3 - in Yagyelnaya, 2 - in Olyenyey ) and nine in the Pacific Fleet. One Delta III submarine of the Northern fleet was decommissioned in 1994. The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program is scheduled to dismantle 25 Delta-class, five Typhoon-class, and one Yankee-class ballistic missile submarines capable of launching over 400 missiles with over 1,700 warheads, by the year 2003. As of September 1999 US specialists had helped disassemble one Yankee- and six Delta-class submarines, while the Russians had destroyed another five ballistic missile subs on their own using American equipment.

As of June 2000 the Russian Navy claims that it operates 26 strategic nuclear submarines carrying 2,272 nuclear warheads on 440 ballistic missiles. This force is said to consist of 5 Typhoon class submarines, 7 Delta-IV class submarines, and 13 Delta-III class submarines [which only adds up to 25, not 26 submarines]. Not all of these submarines are presently seaworthy. The Russian Navy reportedly believes that 12 strategic nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles represent the minimum necessary force structure. According to media reports a classified presidential decree of 04 March 2000 established this force goal for the period through 2010.


Specifications
Soviet Designation
667BDRM Dolphin

US-Designation
Delta IV

Development began
1972

Design Bureau
Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin"
Chief designer
S.H. Kovalev
Builders
Nr. 402 Severodvinsk
Construction and Outfit
1975-1981

Service time
1976-

Number of ships
7

Armament
D-9 RM launch system with
16 R-29R missiles
4-533mm torpedo tubes
Power Plant
2 pressurized water reactors, 90 MW each
2 steam turbines, 20.000 hp each

Propellers
2 ?7 blade fixed-pitch

Length
155 meters

Beam
11.7 meters

Draft
8.7 meters

Displacement
8,940 tons Surfaced
10,600 tons Submerged
Operational depth
320 meters (design)
400 meters (maximum depth)

Speed
13-14 knots Surface
22-24 knots Submerged

Crew
130 men

Endurance
80 days



Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 K-441  26 Zvezda KPSS  402 Sevmash  1975 1976 12/**/1976  ----------  04/1992 unnamed
1996 in reserve  
2 K-424   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  1977 ----------  1997 in reserve  
3 K-449   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  1977 ----------  1996 in reserve  
4 K-455   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  1978 ----------  1998-99 in reserve  
5 K-490   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  1978 ----------  1998-99 in reserve  
6 K-487   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  1978 ----------  1998-99 in reserve  
7 K-44   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  1979 ----------  1997 in reserve  
8 K-496   402 Sevmash  1976 01/**/1978  1979
9 K-506   402 Sevmash  1977 01/**/1979  1979
10 K-211   402 Sevmash  1977 01/**/1979  1980
11 K-223   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  1980 ----------  1998-99 in reserve  
12 K-180   402 Sevmash  1978 12/**/1980  1980
13 K-433   402 Sevmash  ----------  ----------  1981 ----------  1997 in reserve  
14 K-129   402 Sevmash  1979 12/**/1981  1981 ----------  1997 in reserve
possibly still in operation  

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Delta-IV级弹道导弹核潜艇

84年起开始制造,共建成7艘
长166米
排水量12150顿
装备16枚14米长,40顿重分导式弹头(7个弹头)射程8500公里的SS-N-23潜射弹道导弹。













667BDRM Dolphin DELTA IV
The 667BDRM Delta IV submarine, which was constructed parallel to the Typhoon class, is a further modification of the previous Delta. In comparison with the Delta III submarine the diameter of the pressure hull was increased and the bow was lengthened. As a result the displacement of the submarine was increased by 1,200 tons and it was 12 meters longer. To increase the reliability of the pressure hull, the tip and intercut-off bulkheads are made of specially processed steel.

The Delta IV submarines employs the D- 9RM launch system and carries 16 R-29RM liquid-fueled missiles which carry four multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles.Unlike previous modifications, the Delta IV submarine is able to fire missiles in any direction from a constant course in a circular sector. The underwater firing of the ballistic missiles can be conducted at a depth of 55 meters while cruising at a speed of 6-7 knots. All the missiles can be fired in a single salvo.

The 667BDRM Dolphin submarines are equipped with the TRV-671 RTM missile-torpedo system that has four torpedo tubes with a calibre of 533 mm. Unlike the Delta III, it is capable of using all types of torpedos, antisubmarine torpedo-missiles and antihydroacoustic devices. The battle management system "Omnibus-BDRM" controls all combat activities, processing data and commanding the torpedo and missile-torpedo weapons. The "Shlyuz" navigation system provides for the improved accuracy of the missiles and is capable of stellar navigation at periscope depths. The navigational system also employs two floating antenna buoys to receive radio-messages, target destination data and satellite navigation signals at great depth. The submarine is also equipped with the "Skat- VDRM" hydroacoustic system.

During the development of the 667BDRM SSBN several measures were included to reduce its noise level. The gears and equipment are located on a common base isolated from the pressure hull, and the power compartments are also isolated. The efficiency of the antihydroacoustic coatings of the light outer hull and inner pressure hulls have been increased. Newly designed five-bladed propellers with improved hydroacoustic characteristics are employed.

The development of the Delta IV submarine began on 10 September 1975 by the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering. The first Dolphin submarine was launched in January 1985 and in December 1985 the first Dolphin submarine was introduced into Northern fleet. Between 1985 and 1990 seven Dolphin SSBN were constructed by the Sevmashpredpriyatiye Production Association in Severodvinsk.

Initially all the Delta IV submarines were based with the Northern Fleet at Olenya. All the submarines of this class serve in the 3rd flotilla of strategic submarines of the Northern fleet, which has relocated to Yagyelnaya.

The operational lifetime of these submarines is estimated to be 20-30 years, though in order to operate a ship for this period requires that a major overhaul be performed every 7-8 years. Otherwise, a submarine's service life shrinks to 10-15 years. The four-year repair works on the first Delta-IV (K-51) submarine were completed in November 1999 at Zvezdochka shipyard in Severodvinsk. The submarine was expected to operate from its home base in Gadzhievo at the Kola Peninsula for 5-7 more years.

As of June 2000 the Russian Navy claims that it operates 26 strategic nuclear submarines carrying 2,272 nuclear warheads on 440 ballistic missiles. This force is said to consist of 5 Typhoon class submarines, 7 Delta-IV class submarines, and 13 Delta-III class submarines [which only adds up to 25, not 26 submarines]. Not all of these submarines are presently seaworthy. The Russian Navy reportedly believes that 12 strategic nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles represent the minimum necessary force structure. According to media reports a classified presidential decree of 04 March 2000 established this force goal for the period through 2010.

Specifications
Soviet Designation
667BDRM Dolphin

US-Designation
Delta IV

Development began
September 1975

Design Bureau
Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin"
Chief designer
S.H. Kovalev
Builders
Nr. 402 Severodvinsk
Construction and Outfit
February 1981-1992

Service time
December 1985-

Number of ships
7

Armament
D-9 RM launch system with
16 R-29 RM missiles
4-533mm torpedo tubes
Power Plant
2 pressurized water reactors, 90 MW each
2 steam turbines, 20.000 hp each

Propellers
2 ?7 blade fixed-pitch

Length
167 meters

Beam
12 meters

Draft
8.8 meters

Displacement
11,740 tons Surfaced
18,200 tons Submerged
Operational depth
320 meters (design)
400 meters (maximum depth)

Speed
13-14 knots Surface
22-24 knots Submerged

Crew
130 men

Endurance
80 days



Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
# number Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
1 K-51   402 Sevmash  02/23/1981  01/**/1985  12/29/1986   1996-11/1999 deactivated for refit
2000 in service  
2 K-84   402 Sevmash  11/**/1984  12/**/1985  02/**/1986   in service
3 K-64   402 Sevmash  11/**/1985  12/**/1986  02/**/1988   in service
4 K-114   402 Sevmash  12/**/1986  09/**/1987  02/**/1989   late 1999 planned to dismantle at Zvezdochka  
5 K-117   402 Sevmash  09/**/1987  09/**/1988  03/**/1990   in service
6 K-18   402 Sevmash  09/**/1988  11/**/1989  02/**/1991   in service
7 K-407  Novomoskovsk  402 Sevmash  11/**/1989  01/**/1991  02/20/1992   in service
8 K-???  402 Sevmash      Cancelled under construction
9 K-???  402 Sevmash      Cancelled under construction





















































































[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-4 0:22:25编辑过]
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:31 | 显示全部楼层
C级(查理级)

Project 670 Skat / Charlie I
Project 670M Skat-M / Charlie II

前苏联第二代巡航导弹核潜艇
C-I级
67年~72年完成10艘,艇体两侧装备10枚水下发射的SS-N-7巡航导弹
排水量5000顿

C-II级
73年~80年完工6艘,装备SS-N-9巡航导弹
排水量5500顿
水下航速24节


印度阿三曾经租过一艘。









操!
我才看见,挂的是阿三的破旗!













[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 22:42:21编辑过]
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Project 670 Skat / Charlie I
Project 670M Skat-M / Charlie II
The CHARLIE was originally planned as a small, "mass-production" submarine that would be the lower-cost complement to the more expensive PAPA design, which clearly could not be built in sufficient numbers [in fact, only a single PAPA was built]. The Charlie SSGN was the first Soviet submarine to deploy submerged launch antiship missiles. In common with American submarines, and unique among Soviet combat nuclear submarines, the Charlie class had a single reactor and a single propeller shaft -- all other Soviet submarine classes feature two reactors and two propellers. With only a single reactor (VM-4 type water-cooled), the Charlie-class was limited to a top speed of 24 knots, which was insufficient to keep pace with a 30-knot carrier battle group.

The Charlie seemed to eliminate many of the problems inherent in the Echo design and concept of operations. It used targeting data from the first Soviet ocean surveillance satellites, which were intended to substitute for the vulnerable and range-limited maritime surveillance aircraft. In practice, the space-based ocean surveillance system did not live up to initial expectations, and the Charlie remained dependent on surveillance for target acquisition support. Although the shorter range of the SS-N-7 compared to the SS-N-3 required a closer approach to the target, it also reduced the flight time of the missile and eliminated the need for mid-course guidance. This eliminated the need for a guidance radar on the submarine, which allowed a fire and forget submerged launch.

The Charlie-I was originally designed to carry the SS-N-9 anti-shipping cruise missile, which had been planned for the PAPA class. When the SS-N-9 missile was not ready in time for the Charlie-I class, the SS-N-7 [a modified version of the SS-N-2 Styx], was substituted. A total of 11 or 12 Charlie I submarines, carrying 8 SS-N-7s of approximately 30 mile range, were built between 1967 and 1972 at a rate of about two a year. The Charlie II provided the SS-N-9 armament originally planned for the Charlie I class, along with an improved fire control system. Six Charlie II submarines, each with 8 SS-N-9s of 60 mile range, followed between 1972 and 1980. The slower construction rate of the Charlie II suggested that the design was deemed less than satisfactory. Indeed, the Charlie SSGNs were by far the smallest class of the second generation of Soviet nuclear submarines which, also included 49 Victor SSNs and 76 Yankee/Delta SSBNs. All submarines of both classes had been discarded by 1994. Contrary to some expectations, there was no Charlie III class.

K429 (a Charlie I class submarine) sank on 23 June 1983 in the Savannaya Bay in the Bering Sea. The boat was raised and returned to service. Unluckily, she sank again alongside the jetty on 13 September 1985. The incident led to the loss 16 lives and the imprisonment of the submarine commander. In January 1988 the Soviets leased a Charlie I to India, where she served until January 1991 as the Chakra. Some reports suggesting a that a second Charlie-class unit would be leased to India [possibly to be named the Chitra] were erroneous.

Specifications
Project 670 / Charlie I  Project 670M / Charlie II  
Displacement (tons): 4,000 surfaced
5,000 submerged  4,500 surfaced
5,400 submerged  
Speed (kts):  23 knots dived
16 kts surfaced  
Dimensions (m): 94.0 meters long
10.0 meters beam
8.0 meters draft  102.0 meters long
10.0 meters beam
8.0 meters draft  
Propulsion  1 VM-5 pressurized-water nuclear reactor
1 steam turbine 20,000 shp
1 5-bladed propeller  
Endurance:  
Crew  about 100  
Armament:  8 SS-N-7 Starbright
6 21-in (533-mm) torpedo tubes (fwd)
12 torpedoes or
12 SS-N-15 Starfish
8 SS-N-9 Siren
6 21-in (533-mm) torpedo tubes (fwd)
12 torpedoes or
12 SS-N-15 Starfish

Electronics  Radar
Snoop Tray Surface Search
Sonar
Shark Teeth bow-mounted
periscopes





Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
NO.  Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
Project 670A("Skat" type), NATO code "Charlie I"  
K-43   KS  ----------  ----------  1968 ----------  01/1988-01/1991 project 06709, to India (Chakra)
1991 in reserve
K-87   KS  ----------  ----------  1969 ----------  1972 redesignated to K-212
1992 in reserve
K-25   KS  ----------  ----------  1969 ----------  1993 in reserve  
K-121   KS  ----------  ----------  1969 ----------  1993 in reserve  
K-313   KS  ----------  ----------  1970 ----------  12/1985 primary coolant leak,
probably in reserve  
K-308   KS  ----------  ----------  09/20/1970  ----------  1993 in reserve  
K-320   KS  ----------  ----------  09/15/1971  ----------  01/18/1970 reactor accident under construction
1994 in reserve
K-303   KS  ----------  ----------  1971 ----------  1995 in reserve  
K-325   KS  ----------  ----------  1971 ----------  1995 in reserve  
K-429   KS  ----------  ----------  1972 1987 06/24/1983 sunk (later recovered)
09/13/1985 sunk again
K-201   KS  ----------  ----------  12/26/1972  ----------  1994 in reserve  
Project 670M("Skat-M" type), NATO code "Charlie II"  
K-452  Berkut  KS  ----------  1973 1974 ----------  1989 named
project P-670 converted
1994 in reserve
K-458   KS  ----------  1975 1976 ----------  1992 in reserve  
K-479   KS  ----------  1977 1978 ----------  1993 in reserve
in storage in Nerpa naval shipyard
K-503   KS  ----------  1978 1979 ----------  1994 in reserve  
K-508   KS  ----------  1979 1980 ----------  1994 in reserve  
K-209   KS  ----------  1980 1982 ----------  1994 in reserve

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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:35 | 显示全部楼层
嘿嘿!它怎么不叫mama级(Mama Class)


P-型巡航导弹核潜艇

前苏联第二代巡航导弹核潜艇。
排水量7000顿,水下航速35节,装备10枚SS-N-9导弹。


就这一艘。独苗!
Project 661 Anchar / Papa


















[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 22:45:00编辑过]
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Project 661 Anchar / Papa
A predecessor to the famous ALFA-class attack submarine, the Project 661 Anchar [Papa] was designed as an extremely fast anti-shipping cruise missile submarine. The Papa design included 10 SS-N-9 missiles in individual tubes forward of the sail, between the inner (pressure) hull and the outer hull. The US Navy was surprised in 1970 by the deployment of the Alfa-class attack submarine, whose 45 knot speed and 2000-2500 foot operating depth greatly surpased previous Soviet or American submarines. The Alfa used a high power density, liquid metal reactor plant which greatly increased her power-to-weight and volume ratios. It also featured a titanium pressure hull which reduced the hull weight needed for extreme operating depths. The Papa SSGN appeared to incorporate similar design technologies for the antiship cruise missile mission. The K-162 was the world's fastest submarine, reportedly reaching a record speed of 44.7 knots on trials [causing signficant damage to topside equipment in the process]. The high speed of the design came at the price of excessive noisy and high construction costs. The Alfa did not enter production until the late 1970s, with only six units built, while only a single PAPA was ever deployed. Instead, the Soviets focused on building the more traditional submarines.
Specifications
Displacement (tons): 5,200 surfaced
7,000 submerged  
Speed (kts):  44.7 knots dived

Operating Depth  400 meters  
Dimensions (m):  106.7 meters long
11.6 meters beam
8.0 meters draft  
Propulsion  2 VM-5m pressurized-water nuclear reactors, 177.4 MWt
2 steam turbines; ??,000 shp
2 ?-bladed propellers  
Endurance:   
Crew  82  
Armament:  10 - SS-N-9
torpedo tubes

Electronics  Radar


Sonar




2 periscopes



Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
NO.  Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
K-162   SV  12/28/1963  12/21/1968  12/31/1969  ----------  redesignated to K-222
09/30/1980 reactor accident
1988 in reserve
in storage in Severodvinsk
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E-型(Echo-1)

前苏联第一代巡航导弹核潜艇,是J型常规动力潜艇的发展。带六枚SS-N-3“沙道克”反舰导弹(Echo-2带8枚)。
发射时要浮出水面发射,即“热发射”。
69年~74年5艘Echo-1拆掉导弹发射筒,改为攻击核潜艇。
29艘Echo-II改装SS-N-12“沙箱”超音速反舰导弹。
Echo-II水下排水量5800顿,航速24节。



Project 659, NATO code "Echo I"








[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 22:24:57编辑过]
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[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-2 18:38:03编辑过]
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Project 675 / Echo II
The Project 659 [Echo I] nuclear-powered cruise-missile submarines were designed to launch the land-attack version SS-N-3c Shaddock. They carried 6 Shaddock missiles in erectable launch tubes mounted in pairs above the pressure hull on both sides of the sail. The Echo I boats, which used a reactor and propulsion system similar to the Hotel SSBN and November SSN classes, were converted to attack submarines in the early 1970s. At least one and possibly two were decommissioned in the mid-1980s, while the remaining three or four units were decommissioned in 1990.

The Project 675 [Echo II] nuclear-powered cruise-missile submarines were modified to carry the Front series of radars [also featured on the Juliet-class SSG] that enabled them to launch the anti-shipping version of the Shaddock. These were primarily anti-carrier weapons, intended originally as a response to nuclear strikes against the Soviet Union by carrier-based aircraft like the A-3 Skywarrior. As such, their SS-N-3s came in both nuclear and conventional versions. A total of eight missiles were carried, two more than on the Echo-I, and the hull was lengthed five meters to accomodate the extra pair of launchers. According to Western estimates about 20 minutes was required to launch all eight missiles. To fire its missiles the submarine surfaced, deployed and activated a tracking radar, and remained on the surface linked to the high altitude cruise missile in flight via datalink, providing guidance commands based on the submarine radar's tracking data. The submarine itself was highly vulnerable to attack while on the surface operating its radar. A total of 29 Echo IIs were constructed between 1962 and 1968, of which perhaps 10 were converted to carry the improved SS-N-12 by the mid-1980s. All had been de-commissioned by the mid-1990s.

At least four Echo submarines have suffered serious accidents. In August 1980 a fire in an Echo II off Japan killed at least nine crewmembers. On 26 June 1989 a fire erupted in of the the two reactor compartments on an Echo II submarine of the Northern Fleet. The reactor had to be shut down, and the submarine surfaced to return to Murmansk under auxiliary diesel power. Several crew members were injured, but none were killed in the incident. There is some confusion over the numbering of the damaged submarines. According to one reasobably authoritative account, the Navy has four damaged submarines, of which three are in the Far East, in the Pavlovski Bay (project 675, serial No. 175 and 541 and project 671, serial No. 610) and one - in the North (project 675, serial No. 533). The cores of submarines No. 541 and 533 are planned to be discharged. These numbers are at variance with those reported by other sources, and certainly reflect at least in part the annoying Russian habit of re-designating their ships.

Specifications
Project 659 / Echo I  Project 675 / Echo II  
Displacement (tons): 4,500 tons surfaced
5,500 tons submerged  5,000 tons surfaced
6,000 tons submerged  
Speed (kts):  20 kts surfaced
25 kts submerged  20 kts surfaced
23 kts submerged  
Dimensions (m): 110.0 meters long
9.0 meters beam
7.5 meters draft  115.0 meters long
9.0 meters beam
7.5 meters draft  
Propulsion  2 pressurized-water nuclear reactors
steam turbines; 25,000 shp
2 shafts 5-bladed propellers  2 pressurized-water nuclear reactors
steam turbines; 30,000 shp
2 shafts 5-bladed propellers  
Endurance:  
Crew  about 75  about 90  
Armament: 6 - SS-N-3
6 21-in (533-mm) torpedo tubes (fwd)
4 16-in (406-mm) torpedo tubes (aft)
8 - SS-N-3 or
8 - SS-N-12
6 21-in (533-mm) torpedo tubes (fwd)
4 16-in (406-mm) torpedo tubes (aft)

Electronics  Radar
Front Door or Front Piece targeting
Snoop Tray Surface Search
Sonar
Herkules
Fez
Radar
Snoop Tray Surface Search
Sonar
Feniks
low-frequency



Class Listing
Boat Shipyard Chronology Notes  
NO.  Name  Laid Down  Launched  Comm.  Stricken  
Project 659, NATO code "Echo I"  
K-45   KM  12/28/1957  05/12/1959  09/18/1960  1990 06/1961 operational
1965-69 project 659T converted to SSN under SALT-1
K-59   KM  ----------  ----------  12/10/1961  1990 1965-69 project 659T converted to SSN under SALT-1
K-66   KM  ----------  ----------  12/10/1961  1990 1965-69 project 659T converted to SSN under SALT-1
'04/23/1980 fire (mutiny?)
in reserve  
K-122   KM  ----------  ----------  04/13/1962  1981 1965-69 project 659T converted to SSN under SALT-1
'08/21/1981 reactor accident,stricken  
K-259   KM  ----------  ----------  12/**/1962  1990 NO. possibly K-151
1965-69 project 659T converted to SSN under SALT-1
Project 675, NATO code "Echo II"  
K-1   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  1987 project 675MK converted (satellite targeting)  
K-7   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  1968 redesignated to K-127  
K-10   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  1982 lead ship built at KM
1980 collided with Chinese submarine
K-22  Krasnovardeets  SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  1993 project 675MK converted (satellite targeting)  
K-23   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-28   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  redesignated to K-428  
K-31   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  04/29/1969 redesignated to K-431
01/13/1986 reactor accident,in reserve  
K-34  Kefal  KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  redesignated to K-134  
K-35   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  1991 project 675MK converted (satellite targeting)  
K-47   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  09/26/1976 fire  
K-48   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  project 675K converted (SLEP)  
K-56   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  06/13/1973 collided with research ship  
K-57   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  redesignated to K-557  
K-74   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-86   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  diver tranport converted  
K-90   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-94   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-104   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  redesignated to K-144  
K-108   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-116   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  08/19/1978 reactor accident  
K-125   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-128   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-135   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-166   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  lead ship built at SV  
K-172   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-175   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-184   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------   
K-189   KM  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  hull NO. possibly K-131  
K-192   SV  ----------  ----------  1962-68  ----------  06/25/1989 reactor accident,in reserve
in storage at Polyarny
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 楼主| 发表于 2003-03-03 02:39 | 显示全部楼层
伤心朱丽叶


J-级(Juliett“朱丽叶特”)巡航导弹核潜艇


水下排水量4137顿
航速14节水下/19节水上(怎么水下比水上还慢?)













[此贴子已经被作者于2003-3-3 22:59:32编辑过]
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最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
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