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[暗黑医学] 弗洛伊德《精神分析引论-》--失误心理学第一讲(英文)

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CDer:001182498
发表于 2020-09-22 22:28 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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                                            THE PSYCHOLOGY OF ERRORS
                                                                                                                                           FIRST LECTURE

                                                                                                                                           INTRODUCTION

         I do not know how familiar some of you may be,either from your reding or from hearsay,with psychoanalysis.But,in Keeping with the title of these lectures-A General Indroduction to PSychoanalysis--I amobliged to procced as though you knew nothing about this subuject,and stood in need of preliminary instruction.
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CDer:001182498
 楼主| 发表于 2020-09-22 23:01 | 显示全部楼层
        To be sure , this much I may presume that you do know,namely,that psychoanalysis is a method of treating nervous patients medically.And just at this point I can give you anexample to illustrate how the procedure in this field is precisely the reverse of that which is the role in medicine.Usually when we introduce a patient to a medical technique which is strange to him,we  minimize its diffculties and give him confident promises concerning the result of the :treatment.When,however,we undertake psychoanalytic treatment with a neurotic  patient we proceed differently.its length,the exertions and the sacrifices which it will cost him:and,as to the result,we tell him that we make no definite promises,that the result depends on his conduct,on his persverance.We have,of course,excellent motives for conduct which seems so perverse,and into which ou will perphaps gain insight at a later point in these lectures.
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CDer:001182498
 楼主| 发表于 2020-09-22 23:24 | 显示全部楼层
        Do not be offended,threfore,if ,for the present I treat these neurotic patients,Frankly,I shall dissuade you from coming to hear me a second time.With this intention I shall show what imperfections are necessarily involved in the teaching of psychoanalysis and what diffculties stand in the way of gaining a personal judment.I shall show you how the whole trend of your previous training and all your accustomed mental habits must overcome in yourselves in order to master this instinctive opposition.Of course I cannot predicy how much psychoanalytic treatment or how to carry one to completion.Furthermore,should I find anyone among you who does not feel satisfied with a cursory acquaintance with psychoanalysis,but who would like to enter into a more enduring relationship with it,I shall not only dissuade him,but I shall actually warn him against it.As things now stand, a person would,by such a choice of profession,ruin his every chance of successs at a university,and if he goes out into the world as a practicing physician,he will find himself in a society which does not understand his aims ,which regards him with suspicion and hostility,and which turns loose upon him all the malicious spirits which lurk within it.  
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CDer:001182498
 楼主| 发表于 2020-09-22 23:30 | 显示全部楼层
      However,there are always enough individuals who are intersted in anything which may be added to the sum total of knowledge,despite such inconveninces,should there be any of this type among you,and should they ignore my dissuasion and return to the next of these lectures,they will be weclome.but all of you hanve the right to know what these diffculties of psychoanalysis are which I have alluded.
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-09-22 23:55 | 显示全部楼层
     First of all,we encounter the diffculties inherent in the teaching and expositon of psychoanalysis.in your medical instruction you have been accustomed to visual denibstration.you see the anatomical reaction,the contraction of the muscle as the result of the muscle as the result of the stimulation of the pathologival processes,in many cases even the cause of the disease is shown in isolated state.In the surgical department you are made to witness the steps by which one brings relief to the patient,and are permitted to practice them.Even in psychiatey,the demonstration offords you,by the patient’s changed facial play,his manner of speech and his behavior,a wealth of observations which leave far-reaching impressions,Thus the medical teacher preponderantly plays the role of a guide and instructor who accompamies you through a museum in which you contract an immediate relationship to have been convinced through your own observation of the existence of the new things you see.
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CDer:001182498
 楼主| 发表于 2020-09-23 10:48 | 显示全部楼层

RE: 弗洛伊德《精神分析引论-》--失误心理学第一讲(英文)

      Unfortunately,everything is different in psychoanalysis.In psychoanalysis nothing occurs but the interchange of words between the patient and the physician.The pantient talks,tells of his past experiences and present impressions,complains,confesses his wishes and emotions.The physician listens,tries to direct the thought processes of the patient,reminds him of things,fores his attention into certain channels,gives him explanations and observes the recations of understanding or denial which he calls forth in the patient.The uneducated relatives of oue patients--persons who are impressed only by the visible and tangible,preferably by such proocedure as one sees in the moving picture theatres--never miss an opportunity of voicing their scepticism as to how one can"do anything for the malady through mere talk.Such thinking,of crouse,is as shortsighted as it is inconsistent.for these are the very persons who know with such certainty that the patients"merely imagine"their symptoms.words were originally magic,and the word retains much of its old magical power even to day".with words one man can male another blessed,or drive him to despair;by words the teacher transfers his knowledge to the pupil;by words the speakers sweeps his audience with him and determines its judgments and decisions. words call forth effects  and are the universal means of influencing human begins.therefore let us noy understimate the use of words in psychotherapu,and let us be satisfied if we may be auditors of the words which are exchanged bewteen the analyst and his patient.
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CDer:001182498
 楼主| 发表于 2020-09-23 11:00 | 显示全部楼层

RE: 弗洛伊德《精神分析引论-》--失误心理学第一讲(英文)

      But even that is impossible,The conversation of which the psychoanalytic treatment consists brooks on auditor,it cannot be demonstrated.Onecan,of coures,present a neurasthenic or hysteric to nthe student in a psychiatric lecture.He tells of his complaints and symptoms,but of nothing else.The communications which are necessary for the analysis are made only under the conditions of a special affective relationship to the physician;the  patient would become dumb as soons as he became aware of asingle impartial witness.For these communications conern the most intimate part of his psychic life,everything which as a socially independent person he must conceal from others;these communications deal with everything which,as a harmonious personality,he will not admit even to himself.
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CDer:001182498
 楼主| 发表于 2020-09-23 11:07 | 显示全部楼层
     You canont,therefore,"listen in"on a psychoanalytic treatment.You can only heary of it.You will get to know psychoanalysis,in the strictest sense of the word,only by hearsay.Such instruction  sven at second hand,will place you in quite an unusual positon for forming a judgment.for it is obvious that everything depends on the faith you are able to put in the instructor.
最具影响力军事论坛-超级大本营军事论坛欢迎你!超然物外,有容乃大。
CDer:001182498
 楼主| 发表于 2020-09-23 12:01 | 显示全部楼层

RE: 弗洛伊德《精神分析引论-》--失误心理学第一讲(英文)

      Imagine that you are not attending a psychiatric,but an historical lectrue,and that the lecturer is telling you about the life and martial deeds of Alexander the Great.What would be your reasons for believing in the authenticity of his statements?At first sight,the condition of affairs seems even more unfavorable than in the case of psychoanalysis,for the history professor was as little a partocipamnt in Alexander's campaigns as you were;the psychoanalysty at least tells you of things in connection with which he himself has played  some role.But then the question turns on this--what set of facts can the historian marshal in support of his position?He can refer you to contemporaries themselves,or who where eithr contemooraries themselves,or who wher at  least closer to the events in question;that is,he will refer you to the books of Diodor,Plutarch,Arrian,etc.He can place before you pictures of the preserved coins and statues of the king and can pass down your rows a photograph of the Pompeiian mosaics of the battle of Issos.Yet,strictly speaking,all these documents prove only that previous generations already belived in Alexander's existence and in the reality of deeds,and your criticism might begin anew at this point.you will then find that not everything recounted of Alexander is credibke,or capable of proof in detail;yet even then I canont belive that you will leave the lecture hall a disbeliever in the reality of Alexander the Great.your decision will be determined chiefly by two considerations;firstly,that the lecturer has no conceivable motive for presenting as truth something which he does not himself believe to be true,and secondly,that all available histories present the enents in approximately the same manner.If you then proceed to the verification of the older sources.you will considerthe same data,thepossible motives parts of the evidence.THe result of the examination willsurely be convincing in the case of Alexander.It will probably trun out diffently when applied to individuals like Moses and Nimrod.But what doubts you might raise against the credibility of the psychoanalytic reporter you will see plainly enough upon a later occasion.
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CDer:000918054
发表于 2020-09-25 21:26 | 显示全部楼层
请楼主翻译,多谢了。
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