白衣霜如雪 于 2005-8-19 8:54:00 发布在 凯迪社区 > 猫眼看人
英勇的志愿军，可能在后人看来不可思议。 “中国从他们的胜利中一跃成为一个不能再被人轻视的世界大国？？如果中国人没有于1950年11月在清长战场稳执牛耳，此后的世界历史进程就一定不一样。” -----摘自英国牛津大学战略学家罗伯特·奥内尔博士《清长之战》。。。。。。。。。。。。。。
暂且不说该文文笔明显露出宣传机器文宣的味道，从作者着手，如果该文作者的英文名“罗伯特。奥内尔”叫做“ROBERT O’NEILL“ 可能在他的一本书中提到过，但书名似乎不是什么《清长之战》，而是》朝鲜战争中的澳大利亚》，这人也不是英国人，而是澳大利亚人!以“罗伯特.奥内尔”搜索得到的几乎都是这篇没有具体出版社，年份和英文名称的文章，为什么呢？
O’Neill, Robert. Australia in the Korean War, 1950-53. Vol. 1., Strategy and diplomacy. Australian War Memorial and Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1981.
O’Neill, Robert. Australia in the Korean War, 1950-53. Vol. 2., Combat operations. Australian War Memorial and Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1985.
PROFESSOR ROBERT JOHN O’NEILL
Mr Chancellor, it is my privilege to present to you for a degree of the
University, Professor Robert John O’Neill.
Robert O’Neill is the leading international scholar in strategic studies to have
come out of Australia. His career spans over 40 years of work in this field,
both in the United Kingdom and Australia. He recently retired from the
Chichele Professorship of the History of War at All Souls College in the
University of Oxford.
Professor O’Neill completed a Bachelor of Engineering at the University of
Melbourne in 1960, winning the Rhodes Scholarship for Victoria, and is a
graduate of the Royal Military College of Australia. He served in the
Australian Regular Army from 1955 to 1968.
He began his studies in International Relations while reading Politics,
Philosophy and Economics at Oxford in 1961-63. In 1965 he was awarded a
Doctorate of Philosophy in Modern History for a thesis published in 1966 as
The German Army and the Nazi Party 1933-39. After returning to Australia
and resuming his military duties in 1965 he served in the Vietnam War as a
Captain in the Fifth Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment. He was
mentioned in despatches for his services in that conflict. He was then
appointed to the staff of the Royal Military College of Australia. He
published two further books at this time: the first, Vietnam Task, (1968) was
based on his own experiences in the Vietnam War, and the second, General
Giap: Politician and Strategist, (1969) analysed the record of the North
In 1969 Robert O’Neill was appointed a Senior Fellow in International
Relations, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.
He was Head of the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre (SDSC) from 1971
to 1982, and became a Professorial Fellow in International Relations in
1977. During the 1970s he was active in the analysis of the security
problems of the Asian-Pacific region, and built up the SDSC to become a
substantial force in the public debate on strategic policy in Australia, the
Asian-Pacific region and globally.
During his years at the ANU Robert O’Neill maintained a major research
effort in the field of modern military history, publishing the two volume
official history, Australia in the Korean War 1950-53 in 1981 and 1985. This
work established a new pattern in the way Australian war histories are
written, focusing primarily on the strategic and diplomatic interactions
which led to involvement in the Korean War, and which governed policy
during the conflict itself. He also produced several edited volumes based on
conferences held by the SDSC. These helped to set a new direction for the
development of Australian defence policy in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
In 1982 Robert O’Neill was the first person from outside Europe to be
appointed Director of the major International Institute for Strategic Studies
in London, becoming the executive head of an organisation spanning over
2,500 members in over 80 countries. During the following five years he did
much to widen the work of the Institute and focus it more on the problems
of the Asian-Pacific region, while maintaining the Institute’s high research
profile and reputation in the analysis of super-power policies and relations
between NATO and the Warsaw Pact. From 1996 to his retirement he was
Chairman of the Council of the International Institute for Strategic Studies.
In 1987 Robert O’Neill became the Chichele Professor of the History of War
at Oxford. He was the founding Director of the All Souls Foreign Policy
Studies Programme and Director of Graduate Studies in the Modern History
Faculty. He was United Kingdom Chairman of the International Nuclear
History Programme, Chairman of the Board of the Centre for Defence
Studies, Kings College, University of London, Chairman of the Committee of
Management of the Sir Robert Menzies Centre for Australian Studies,
University of London and Vice President and Chairman of the Trustees of the
Imperial War Museum. He was a member of the Canberra Commission on
the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, 1995-96, and of the Tokyo Forum on
Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament, 1998-99, both of which bodies
published widely read reports.
His teaching work at Oxford focused on the relationship between strategic
thinking and the conduct of war and the supervision of over 40 doctoral
He was appointed Officer in the Order of Australia in 1988, and elected a
Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia in 1978, and a Fellow
of the Royal Historical Society in 1989.
The Australian Government has invited Robert O’Neill to be the first
Chairman of the newly established Australian Strategic Policy Institute and
the ANU has appointed him to be an Adjunct Professor in the Strategic and
Defence Studies Centre.
Mr Chancellor, it is with great pleasure that I present to you Robert John
O’Neill, that you may confer on him the degree of Doctor of Letters, on the
grounds of distinguished creative achievement as a scholar in the field of
Asian-Pacific security and International Relations.
Professor Frank Jackson
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research)
The Australian National University
28 September 2001
一、罗伯特．奥内尔虽然在牛津任教过，但他其实是澳大利亚人。他对於韩战的研究集中在澳大利亚部队的参战历史。他撰写的「Australia in the Korean War 1950-53 」一书有两卷，由澳洲政府资助出版，被认为澳洲参加韩战的正式历史。
三、书里面对中国资料运用自如，奥内尔不会中文，他的「Australia in the Korean War 1950-53」这部巨著中对中国方面的资料引用的不多。他如何对许多从来没有翻译成英文的中国资料如此熟悉？
b. 文中说德来斯代尔特遣队坦克退回古土里，俘虏中有土耳其军和国民党特工；其实坦克突穿阻绝线，安然抵达下碣隅里，此时土耳其军都在西岸，怎麽会到长津湖来？更何况有「国民党特工」？Give me a break!